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F O G G

This Fogg family is found at Wirksworth, Derbyshire, from the beginning of the seventeenth century, the name first appearing in the parish register in 1613. Mr. Stuart Flint (not himself a Fogg descendant) wrote to tell us, “It is believed that this Fogg family may have built all the cottages known as Foggs Entry at Wirksworth, which are still very much lived in today.” However, by 1861 the family appears to have died out there in the male line, and there was only one person of the name left in the area, and he was not born locally.

The main documentary sources for these notes are John Palmer’s transcriptions of the censuses of Wirksworth hundred, Derbyshire, for 1841,[1] 1851,[2] 1861,[3] and 1871[4] and of the Wirksworth parish registers for 1608-1899.[5] We owe this researcher a great debt of gratitude for his indefatigable efforts in publishing materials for local history.


William Fogg, of Cromford, a chapelry in the parish of Wirksworth, Derbyshire, born ca. 1762-63, died May 1835, aged 72 years, and buried 27 May 1835 in Wirksworth churchyard. On onomastic grounds, it would appear likely that he was a son of Daniel Fogg, of Cromford, and the latter’s wife Dorothy ____, both of whom were buried at Wirksworth in 1783, but unfortunately no baptismal record for him has been located (indeed no baptisms for any children of this couple have been found in the IGI).[6] He (then of Wirksworth) married (1) 26 December 1785 in Wirksworth parish church, Lydia Britland, baptized 22 September 1765 in the parish church of Wirksworth, daughter of William Britland, of Cromford, by his wife Lydia Limb. The witnesses at their marriage were Thomas Brown and George Salt.[7] She, as “Lydia, wife of William Fogg of Cromford,” was buried 29 April 1804, also in Wirksworth churchyard, no age at death being given in the record. William Fogg and his wife are called “of Cromford” at the baptism of their daughter Dorothy in 1789. However, between 1789 and 1799 there are no children recorded for them in the registers of any parishes in the Wirksworth area, suggesting they may have been absent during that period. He (then of Bakewell) married (2) 27 August 1804 in Wirksworth parish church, Elizabeth Wayne, with sponsors William Greatorex[8] and Dorothy ____ (illegible). She was still alive 1823 (when their son Joseph was baptized), but was probably the Elizabeth Fogg of Cromford buried 7 October 1836, aged 59 years. William Fogg and his second wife are called “of Cromford Chapel” at the baptism of their son Daniel in 1812. The baptismal records of their three youngest children, Stephen (1815), Elizabeth (1818), and Joseph (1823) all call him a whitesmith (i.e. tinsmith), and he is called a cutler in the 1848 marriage record of his daughter Elizabeth. The evidence that the William Fogg who married Lydia Britland was the same one who married Elizabeth Wayne is somewhat indirect, and continges upon the fact that his daughter Dorothy (by his first marriage) and his son Daniel (by his second marriage) can be shown to have been half-siblings (as demonstrated below). There do not appear to be surviving tombstones for William Fogg or for either of his wives at Wirksworth.
    Known issue:

    (by first wife:)

  1. Mary Fogg, for whom no baptismal record has been found, buried 7 August 1786 in Wirksworth churchyard, as a daughter of “William and Lydia Fogg, of Cromford.”
  2. Dorothy Fogg, born 6 October 1789, baptized 11 October following in Wirksworth parish church, living 1841. She married 22 December 1811 in Wirksworth parish church, Thomas Reeds, of Cromford, b.ca. 1789-90, who died June 1853, aged 63 years, and was buried 12 June 1853 in Wirksworth churchyard, probably the Thomas Reeds baptized 26 June 1791 in Wirksworth parish church, son of Anthony and Mary (____) Reeds, of Cromford. At their wedding the witnesses were Richard Hackett (evidently her future brother-in-law) and Anthony Reeds. In the baptismal record of their son Thomas (1817) her husband is called “Thomas Reeds of Cromford, hatter.” They appear in the 1841 census of Cromford, which also calls him a hatter. Known issue:
    1. William Reeds, baptized 12 July 1812 in Wirksworth parish church, and buried 31 October following in Wirksworth churchyard.
    2. Thomas Reeds, baptized 29 June 1817 in Wirksworth parish church. He married 17 May 1841 in Wirksworth parish church, Mary (Smith) Dickens, widow of ____ Dickens (no record of this earlier marriage has been discovered), and daughter of James Smith, of Cromford, a hatter. The marriage record calls him a shoemaker, and the witnesses were Edward Swift and Sarah Marchant. He is presumably the Thomas Reeds, cordwainer, aged 33, a widower, found in the 1851 census of Matlock with “daughters” Hannah Dickens (aged 14, born at Matlock) and Lydia Reeds (aged 9, born at Cromford), but no wife.
    3. John Reeds, born ca. 1820-21, living unmarried with his parents in 1841, when his age is given as 20 years. He has not been located in later census records.
    4. Joseph Reeds, born ca. 1824-26 at Matlock, living unmarried with his parents in 1841, when his age is given as 15 years. In the 1851 census he is listed as a “nephew” in the household of Daniel Fogg, below, his age being given as 27 years and his occupation as shoemaker. The 1861 census shows a Joseph Reeds, aged 37 years, a cotton-factory worker, born at Matlock, living at Wirksworth Road in Cromford, with wife Rebecca, aged 33 years, also a cotton-factory worker, born at Cromford, and their son Herbert, aged 4 years, born at Cromford.[9] This same couple and their son Herbert are found in 1871 living at Cromford Hill.[10]
  3. Lydia Fogg, born 1791, baptized 20 November 1791 in the Cathedral, Manchester, Lancashire, as a daughter of William and Lydia Foggs (sic),[11] died 6 March 1839 at Cromford, aged 47 years, of a paralytic stroke,[12] and buried 9 March 1839 in St. Giles’ churchyard, Matlock.[13] She is called “of Cromford” in her marriage record. She married (1) 13 September 1813 (as his first wife) in Wirksworth parish church, Richard Hackett, of Cromford, a book-keeper and later a manager, born 1794-95 at Cromford, living 1851 and possibly 1859, son of John Hackett, also of Cromford, for further details of whom, and a record of their issue, see HACKETT. The witnesses at their wedding were Robert Higton and William Orme. Two years before, Richard Hackett had served as a witness to the 1811 marriage of her sister, Dorothy Fogg.
        This Lydia Fogg should be distinguished from another Lydia Fogg baptized 15 March 1789 at Matlock, Derbyshire, son of John and Ann (____) Fogg, who appear to have afterward come to Cromford by 1791. The Lydia baptized in 1789 cannot have been the wife of Richard Fogg, who was born no earlier than March of 1791.
  4. Sarah Fogg, born 4 May 1799, baptized 12 May following in the parish church of Saint Mary, Cromford, of whom we have found no definite further record. A Lydia, (illegitimate?) daughter of Sarah Fogg, was buried 30 December 1821 at Wirksworth, aged 6 months.
  5. (by second wife:)

  6. William Fogg, Jr., born 20 January 1808, baptized 7 February following in the parish church of St. Mary, Cromford. He (then of Cromford) married 9 June 1835 in the parish church of Wirksworth, Dorothy Bunting, born 1815-16, presumably a daughter of Elizabeth (____) Bunting, who appears in their household in the 1841 census. Their marriage was witnessed by Daniel Fogg and Esther Wild (i.e. his brother and future sister-in-law). The 1841 census calls William Fogg a laborer. Known issue (both baptisms in the parish church of St. Mary, Cromford):
    1. Mary Ann Fogg, baptized 11 October 1835, buried 12 November 1839.
    2. Hannah Fogg, baptized 20 August 1837, buried 4 August 1842.
  7. Daniel Fogg, born 27 December 1811 at Cromford, baptized 12 January 1812 in the parish church of St. Mary, Cromford, living 1851. In the 1836 baptismal record of his son George (in which he is erroneously called “David”) his occupation is given as laborer. In the 1841 census of Cromford he is listed as a cotton-spinner; also in his household was his younger brother Joseph. In the 1851 census of Cromford he is listed as a cotton-spinner; the presence of his “nephew” Joseph Reeds (above), who can be securely identified as a grandchild of William Fogg, places this Daniel Fogg as a son of the latter man. He has not been located in the 1861 census, and may have left the area by then. He (then of Cromford) married 23 May 1836 in the parish church of Wirksworth, Esther Wild, with witnesses William Greatorex and Mary Wild. She was born ca. 1808-9 (aged 42 in 1851) at Wirksworth, and was still alive in 1851.
        Known issue, all born at Cromford:
    1. George Fogg, born 1836, baptized 11 September 1836 at Wirksworth, living with his parents in 1851, when he is called a cotton-spinner.
    2. William Fogg, born 1838, baptized 22 June 1838 in the parish church of St. Mary, Cromford; living with his parents in 1851, when he is called a cotton-spinner.
    3. Samuel Fogg, born 1841-42, baptized 10 September 1843 in St. Mary’s, Cromford; living with his parents in 1851, when he is called a scholar.
    4. Isaac Fogg, born 1843, baptized together with his elder brother Samuel; living with his parents in 1851, when he is called a scholar.
  8. Stephen Fogg, born 5 September 1815, baptized 1 October following at Wirksworth, buried 21 November 1833 at Wirksworth, aged 18 years.
  9. Elizabeth Fogg, born 22 May 1818 at Cromford, baptized 28 June following at Wirksworth, living 1871. She and her illegitimate daughter Ann are likely the Elizabeth Fogg (aged 19) and Hannah Fogg (aged 1) who are found as strays in the household of James Holmes in the 1841 census. She (then of Cromford) married 23 April 1848 in the parish church of Wirksworth, Joseph Boot, of Cromford, boatman, widower, born 1809-10 at Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, living 1871, son of William Boot, a gardener. The witnesses at the marriage were Maryann Peach and Joseph Hogg. Joseph Boot and his wife Elizabeth are found in the 1851 census at Cromford Hill, his occupation being given as laborer; also in the household are Rebecca (aged 12) and James (aged 11), clearly children of his first marriage. They are found in the 1861 census at Wirksworth Road, his occupation being given as laborer on a railway; also in the household are his children Hannah (aged 22) [clearly the same child as the “Rebecca” of 1851] and James (aged 21), and their son Joseph (aged 8). In 1871 they were living at Cromford Hill, and only Hannah and Joseph were still with them. They have not been found in the 1881 census. Known issue:
    1. (illegitimate) Ann/Hannah Fogg, born 1840-41 at Cromford, living with her mother and stepfather in 1851, when she is called a scholar. She is not shown with her mother in 1861, and cannot be located at all in the census of that year, but she reappears in the household in 1881 as “Hannah,” and is called a mill-hand.
    2. Joseph Boot, Jr., born 1852-53 at Cromford, living with his parents in 1871, when he is called an errand-boy.
  10. John Fogg, died in infancy shortly before 27 May 1821, when he was buried in Wirksworth churchyard.
  11. Joseph Fogg, born 28 December 1822, baptized 2 February 1823 at Wirksworth, living 1841, when he is found in the household of his elder brother Daniel in the census of that year, no occupation being stated.


Notes

1Wirksworth area census, 1841 … covering Alderwasley, Ashleyhay, Biggin, Bonsall, Brassington, Callow, Carsington, Cromford, Griffe Grange, Hopton, Ible, Idridghay, Ireton wood, Ironbrooke, Kirk Ireton, Matlock, Middleton, [and] Wirksworth, transcribed by John Palmer, available online at http://www.wirksworth.org.uk/census.htm#1841.
2Wirksworth area census, 1851 … covering Alderwasley, Ashleyhay, Biggin, Bonsall, Brassington, Callow, Carsington, Cromford, Griffe Grange, Hopton, Hulland Ward, Ible, Idridghay, Ireton Wood, Ironbrooke, Kirk Ireton, Matlock, Middleton-by-Wirksworth, Shottle, Tansley, [and] Wirksworth (all in Derbyshire, England), transcribed by John Palmer, available online at http://www.wirksworth.org.uk/census.htm#1851.
3 Wirksworth area census, 1861 … including Alderwasley, Ashleyhay, Biggin, Bonsall, Brassington, Hulland Ward, Idridgehay, Ireton Wood, Shottle, Callow, Carsington, Cromford, Griffe Grange, Hopton, Ible, Ironbrook, Kirk Ireton, Matlock, Middleton, and Tansley, transcribed by John Palmer, available online at http://www.wirksworth.org.uk/census.htm#1861.
4 A hyperlinked index for the 1871 Census for … Alderwasley, Ashlehay, Biggin, Bonsall, Brassington, Callow, Carsington, Cromford, Griffe Grange, Hopton, Hulland Ward, Ible, Idridghay, Ireton Wood, Ironbrook, Kirk Ireton, Matlock, Middleton, Shottle, Tansley and Wirksworth, transcribed by John Palmer, available online at http://www.wirksworth.org.uk/census.htm#1871.
5Wirksworth Parish Registers: Parish Registers 1608-1899, at http://www.wirksworth.org.uk/frontpag.htm#1; Marriage Witnesses 1754-1899, at http://www.wirksworth.org.uk/frontpag.htm#19.
6Another possibility is that he was the William, son of William and Margaret Fogg, baptized 22 February 1761 in the nearby parish of Bakewell, Derbyshire (IGI).
7George Salt appears so frequently as a witness to marriages, that he must have been a parish clerk or some such official.
8Probably the William Greatorex, of Wirksworth, who married there 22 November 1796, Mary Wayn (sic).
91861 census of Wirksworth, household no. 53.
101871 census of Wirksworth, household no. 42.
11IGI.
12Civil registration of death.
13The age of 47 years reported on her tombstone (as read for us by Bev Sadler-Oster) agrees with the official record of her death, against, the parish register, which states her age as 43 years.


Some Sites of Related Interest

From the Genealogy Page of John Blythe Dobson
URL = johnblythedobson.org/genealogy/ff/Fogg.cfm
This page written 4 January 2001
Last revised 22 February 2002