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HARROLD

Summary of the descent of Alan Blythe

William Harrold Sarah Wright
William Bird Sarah Harrold
John Flint Sophia Bird
John Jarratt Blythe Mildred Mary Flint
Alan Blythe Jessie Clara McCullough

Our research on the Harold family was begun many years ago, but until recently had not been pursued with much success. Mrs. Gill Rayment of the Wisbech and Fenland Museum, who kindly tried to assist us in expanding the ancestry of Sarah (Harold) Bird, wrote to us on 26 February 1988: “I could find no trace of her parents’ marriage in any of the Tilneys or Terringtons, or Emneth or Elm, or Wisbech St. Peter.” We have not found a plausible candidate for her father Henry Harold in the 1841 census.

There are two published histories of this family, neither of which we have seen in its entirety: One Harrold Family by John William Harrold (Largo, Florida: privately printed, 1976),[1] and Christmas comes to Australia: The Harrold Family History by Murray Harrold (Happy Valley, South Australia: privately printed, 1995).

We have received help from the following persons:

  • Jayne Mays of Wisbech,who in 2009 brought to our attention the existence of Sarah’s brother, Simon Harrold, and supplied a number of records relating to him;
  • Carol Kimberley, who suggested several improvements to this page, and identified Sarah’s cousin, Sarah Ann Harrold, the second wife of John Flint;
  • Jennifer Ham (not a Harrold descendant), who supplied additional information on Simon Harrold and his wives.


Henry Harrold, of Tilney St. Lawrence, Norfolk, born say 1775-80, alive in 1823. He is called a labourer in the baptismal records of his children Christmas (1817), Sophia (1818), Joseph (1820), and Simon (1823). He married by 1808, Sarah Wright, born say 1780-85 (though supposedly aged 73 in 1851) at Tilney, Norfolk (per 1851 census), alive in 1851. She is found as a widow in the household of her son George at Walsoken, Norfolk, in 1851. The age of 73 reported for her there is probably exaggerated, as a birthdate of 1777-78 would make her about 30 at the birth of her first known child, and about 45 at that of her youngest. If so, she was perhaps identical with the Sarah Harrold, aged 55-59 years (thus born in 1781-86), born in Norfolk, of independent means, marital status not stated, who is found at Tilney St. Lawrence in the 1841 census.[2] If so, she may have been the Sarah, daughter of William and Catharine (____) Wright, baptized 3 April 1784 in the parish church of Tilney St. Lawrence.
    This couple must have been profoundly illiterate, as their surname is given as Heron in the baptismal records of two of their children (1817, 1818), and as Herring in another (1820).[3]
    Known issue, all baptisms in the parish church of Tilney St. Lawrence:

  1. George Harrold, of Tydd St. Giles, Cambridgeshire, a shepherd and sheep-dresser, born 1807-08 (aged 53 in 1861) at Tilney St. Lawrence (per 1861 census), died about 1868. He is the ancestor of the line extensively treated in One Harrold Family by John William Harrold.[4] He married 29 May 1832 in the parish church of Tydd St. Giles, Cambridgeshire,[5] Mary Sketcher, born 1800-01 (aged 60 in 1861) at Gedney, Lincolnshire (per 1861 census), of whom John William Harrold writes: “It is believed that she was the daughter of William and Mary Sketcher but no record has been found to confirm this belief.”[6] Possibly this was the Mary Smith Sketcher, baptized 11 January 1802 in the parish church of Gedney, [illegitimate] daughter of William Smith and Mary Sketcher.[7] The marriage record fails to note the age or father’s name for either party. Both parties made a mark in lieu of a signature; the witnesses were [the groom’s sister] Sarah “Herrold” and [her future husband] William Bird. He is called a labourer in the baptismal record of his children Henry (1832) and Eliza (1838). He is enumerated at Tydd St. Giles, Cambrideshire, in the 1841 census, in which he is called an agricultural laborer; his brother Christmas is either in the same household or an adjacent one.[8] They were enumerated at the Roman Bank, Walsoken, Norfolk, in the 1851 census, in which he is called a farm shepherd.[9] He is found at Walsoken in the 1861 census, in which he is called a sheep-dresser.[10] “Mary Sketcher Harrold survived her husband by fifteen years. She lived in the family home on Crab Marsh Road in Walsoken, Norfolk county, with her two unmarried daughters. She died May 9, 1883 at the age of 88 years….”[11] They are said to have had four children, so our record of their family is possibly complete:[12]
    1. Henry Harrold, born at Tydd St. Giles, Cambridgeshire (per 1861 census), baptized 9 December 1832 in the parish church of Tydd St. Giles, alive in 1861. He is not listed in his parents’ household in 1851, but that is perhaps a mistake. He married by 1861, Mary ____, born 1825-26 (aged 35 in 1861) at Walsoken, Norfolk. He and his wife were living with his parents in 1861, when he was a sailor.
    2. Sarah Ann Harrold, born probably in 1835 (aged 5 in 1841, 26 in 1861, 35 in 1871, 41 [!] in 1881, 56 in 1891) at Tydd St. Giles (baptism not found there), died s.p. 19 August 1923 at Wisbech. She married (as his second wife) (registration in the first quarter of 1887 at Marylebone),[13] John Flint, born 17/18 December 1836 at Holbeach, baptized there 27 December following in the Primitive Methodist Church on Albert Street, died (testate) 17 December 1925, aged almost 89 years, at Walsoken, Norfolk, of old age, and was buried beside his first wife in Leverington Road Cemetery, near Wisbech, widower of her cousin Sophia Bird (daughter of William Bird and Sarah Harrold below) and son of George and Mary (Inkley) Flint, of Holbeach, Lincolnshire. She is found in her parents’ household in 1841. She is not listed in her parents’ household in 1851, but that is perhaps a mistake. In 1861 she is enumerated in in the household of the widow Mary Bland at Hampstead, in which she was employed as servant.[14] In 1871 she was a servant in the household of the wine merchant Walter Gilbey at Stansted, Essex.[15] In 1881 she was still in the employ of the Gilbey family, but they were then living on Park Crescent in Marylebone.[16]
    3. Eliza Harrold, born at Tydd St. Giles, Cambridgeshire (per 1851 and 1861 censuses), baptized 24 June 1838 in the parish church of Tydd St. Giles, still living unmarried with her parents in 1861, when she was a dressmaker.
    4. George Harrold, born in 1840 (aged 10 months in 1841) at Tydd St. Giles (per 1851 census). “George Harold lived at Walsoken with his parents until he became an apprentice seaman at the age of fifteen years and nine months…. [He] was also employed as a farm laborer by Henry Ollard.”[17] He married Emma Powell, the daughter of William Powell.
  2. Sarah Harrold, born 1810-11 at Tilney St. Lawrence (aged 70 in 1881), baptized there 21 May 1812,[18] died 20 March 1883 at Clenchwarton, probably aged 71 or 72 years (as stated on her tombstone, and not 73 years as stated in her death record), of bronchitis,[19] and buried beside her husband in the parish churchyard of Tilney St. Lawrence.[20] Sarah “Herrold” and her future husband William Bird served as witnesses at the wedding of her brother George in the parish church of Tydd St. Giles, Cambridgeshire on 29 May 1832. She herself married 10 March 1833 in the parish church of Tilney St. Lawrence, following publication of banns, William Bird, of Tilney St. Lawrence, Walpole St. Andrew, Terrington St. Clement, and Clenchwarton, born probably in 1804 (aged 47 in 1851) at Tilney St. Lawrence, baptized 12 May 1805 in Tilney parish church, died 9 February 1884 at Clenchwarton, aged probably about 80 years (and not 82 as stated in his death record) of pneumonia and exhaustion,[21] and buried with his wife, son of Robert and Susannah (Lowden) Bird, of Tilney St. Lawrence. At the time of their marriage both were single and of Tilney, and both make marks in the register in lieu of signatures. The witnesses were a Robert Bowman and a Harriet Bates. The illiteracy evidenced by this record doubtless accounts to a great extent for the drastic inconsistency with which their ages are reported in various records, and in particular for the exaggerated ages reported for them at their deaths. For further discussion and a record of their issue see BIRD.
  3. Christmas Harrold (male), born 25 December 1816 at Tilney St. Lawrence, baptized there 5 January 1817, died 28 January 1896 in Australia.[22] He is found in the 1841 census of Tydd St. Giles, Camridgeshire, either in the household of his brother George or in an adjacent on. He married in 1842 in the Wisbech registration district,[23] Margaret Barton, said to have been born in 1820 at Wisbech, died 2 May 1908 in Australia. Christmas Harrold is called a labourer in the baptismal records of several children (1843, 1845). Christmas Harrold (aged 36), with wife Margaret (aged 32) and son William (aged 7) sailed for Australia on the Magdalena in 1853. The group in which they arrived is recorded with the following notice:
    The Land and Emigration Commissioners have forwarded to this office written engagements subscribed by the Emigrants arrived by the Magdalena, whereby they severally promise and undertake, that if they, or any of their families with their permission, quit or purpose to quit the Colony, within four years from the day of their landing, they will repay to the Government a proportionate part of the cost of their passage to South Australia, that is to say — at the rate of £4 a piece for themselves and wives, and half that sum for each of their respective children, for each year or any fraction thereof which shall be wanting to complete four years’ residence in the Colony.[24]
    They went first to Kapunda, South Australia, but by 1859 were at Saddleworth in the same state. “Christmas Harrold, farmer, Saddleworth” is listed in a directory published in 1876.[25] Known issue:[26]
    1. William Harrold, baptized 27 August 1843 in the parish church of Tilney St. Lawrence, died by 1845, when another son was given the same name.
    2. William Harrold, baptized 6 September 1845 in the parish church of Tilney St. Lawrence; alive in 1853.
    3. Sarah Ann Harrold, born 17 August 1856 at Kapunda, died 13 August 1941 at Norwood. She married 29 January 1874 at Saddleworth, South Australia, Robert Cameron, born 22 Jun 1851 Barony Parish, Glasgow, died 26 December 1925 at Kapunda, son of Robert Cameron, of Kapunda, by the latter’s wife Agnes McIntosh. They had thirteen children and numerous descendants, for whom see the Cameron Genealogies website.
    4. John Harrold, born 3 June 1859 at Saddleworth, South Australia.
    5. Maria Harrold, born 27 June 1860 at Saddleworth, South Australia.
  4. Sophia Harrold, baptized 30 August 1818.
  5. Joseph Harrold, born at Tilney (per 1861 census), baptized 26 November 1820, alive in 1861. He married by 1844, Mary A. ____, born 1817-18 (aged 43 in 1861) at Thorney, Cambridgeshire, alive in 1861. Two of their children were born at her home town of Thorney in the mid-1840s. However, they are found at Church End, West Walton, Norfolk, in the 1861 census, in which he is called a blacksmith.[27] Known issue:
    1. Henry Harrold, born 1844-45 (aged 16 in 1861) at Thorney, Cambridgeshire.
    2. Samuel Harrold, born 1846-47 (aged 14 in 1861) at Thorney.
    3. Sarah Harrold, born 1850-51 (aged 10 in 1861) at [West] Walton, Norfolk.
    4. John Harrold, born 1855-56 (aged 5 in 1861) at [West] Walton.
    5. Joseph Harrold, born 1858-59 (aged 2 in 1861) at [West] Walton.
  6. Simon Harrold, baptized 27 January 1823, died 1892, and buried with his first wife in the General Cemetery, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire (his age at death being overstated as 71 on his tombstone). He married (1) in 1847 in the Wisbech registration district,[28] Catharine Parlett, born probably in 1819 (aged 32 in 1851, 51 in 1871), died 1889, aged 69 years (per tombstone), and buried with her husband. They are found at no. 121 North Brink, Wisbech, in the 1851 census, in which Simon is called a blacksmith.[29] We have not found them in the 1861 census, but they are found at no. 10 Bell Green Road, Wisbech, in the 1871 census, in which his occupation is similarly given, and at which time their household included an eleven-year-old niece, Mahala Rhamm, who has not been otherwise identified.[30] They are found at no. 13 Canal Side in 1881, when he is called a retired blacksmith.[31] He married (2) in 1889 in the Wisbech registration district,[32] Sarah Jane Bulman Retchless, born 4 June 1851 at West Walton, baptized 6 January 1861 in the parish church of Wisbech St. Peter, Cambridgeshire, died 1918, aged 67 years (per tombstone), and buried near her husband, daughter of John and Hannah (Bulman) Retchless.[33] By his second wife, he had a son:[34]
    1. Simon Harrold, born 1890, died the same year, and buried with this mother.


Notes

1This work, the index of which confirms its relevance to the family of Henry Harrold and Sarah Wright, is mentioned in Tanya Metcalf, “Harrold Family from Tilney St. Lawrence,” posting to the Harrold Family Genealogy Forum at genealogy.com dated 2 September 2008, at http://genforum.genealogy.com/harrold/messages/654.html.
21841 Census of England, Norfolk, registration district: Wisbech, subdistrict: Terrington St Clement; civil Parish: Tilney St. Lawrence, enumeration district 7, p. 12; PRO class HO107, piece 770, book 8, fo. 23; Family History Library microfilm no. 438,858.
3“1813 to 1880 Baptism Project, Tilney St Lawrence,” at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tinstaafl/ Church_Pages/tilney_st_lawrence.htm.
4George Harrold is first mentioned in pp. 13-14 of that work, of which we have seen only the first chapter.
5Tydd St. Giles, Cambridgeshire, parish registers, as transcribed at FreeREG.
6One Harrold Family, p. 116.
7England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, at FamilySearch, citing Gedney parish register on FHL microfilm 1,542,145. This entry was kindly brought to our attention by Jennifer Ham.
81841 Census of England, Cambridgeshire, Tydd St Giles, enumeration district 10, p. 13; PRO HO107, piece 78, book 15, folio 9. The entry (for the reference to which we are grateful to Carol Kimberley) reads:
name               age       occupation  born in county?
-------------------------------------------------------
George Herrald     35[-40]  ag. laborer  N
Mary      "        40[-45]               N
Henry     "         5*                   Y
Sarah     "         5                    Y
Eliza     "         3                    Y
George    "        10 mo.                Y
=== (possibly a separate household) ===
Christmas Herrald  20[-25]   ----        N
James Markley      30[-35]   m.s.        N
Benjamin Batterham 20[-25]   m.s.        Y
-----
* He was really 8
91851 census of England, Cambridgeshire, Registration district: Wisbeach, subdistrict: Terrington St Clement, enumeration district 1e, p. 9; PRO HO 107, piece 1767, folio 284 [FHL microfilm no. 193,661]. The entry reads:
name     relationship  cond. age  occupation     birthplace
----------------------------------------------------------------------
George Herrold  head   mar.  42   farm shepherd  Norfolk: Tilney
Mary Herrold    wife   mar.  41    "    " wife   Lincolnshire: Lutton
Eliza Herrold   dau.   u.    11                  Cambs.: Tydd St. Giles
George Herrold  son    u.    10                  Cambs.: Tydd St. Giles
Sarah Herrold   mother mar.  73   labourer       Norfolk: Tilney
101861 Census of England, Norfolk, registration district: Wisbech, subdistrict: Walsoken, enumeration district 5, p. 6; RG9, piece 1052, fo. 65. The entry reads:
name       relationship cond. age
---------------------------------
George Herrold  head        M  53 sheep dresser  Norfolk: Tilney St. Lawrence
Mary Herrold    wife        M  60 chair* woman   Lincolnshire: Gedney
Henry Herrold   son         M  29 sailor         Cambridge: Tydd St. Giles
Mary Herrold    dau.-in-law M  35 shoe binder    Norfolk: Walsoken
Eliza Herrold   dau.        U  22 dressmaker     Cambridge: Tydd St. Giles
=====
* sic; perhaps an error for "char"?
11One Harrold Family, p. 121.
12All baptisms, where known, from Tydd St. Giles, Cambridgeshire, parish registers, as transcribed at FreeREG.
13Marriage registered in the January-March quarter of 1887 in the Marylebone district, vol. 1a, p. 896. Original record not yet checked.
141861 Census of England, Middlesex, registration district: Hampstead, subdistrict: Hampstead, enumeration district 2, p. 20; PRO RG 9, piece 91, folio 36 [FHL microfilm no. 542,572]: Sarah A. Harrold, age 26, servant, born at Tydd St. Giles, Lincolnshire.
151871 Census of England, Essex, registration district: Bishop Stortford, subregistration district: Stansted, enumeration district 8, p. 10; PRO RG 10, piece 1354, folio 127: Sarah Ann Harrold, age 35, servant, born at Wisbech, Cambridgeshire.
161881 Census of England, London, Marylebone, enumeration district 14, p. 1; PRO RG11, piece 137, folio 4 [FHL microfilm no. 134,1031]: Sarah A. Harrold, age 41, servant, born at Tidd St. Giles, Lincolnshire.
17One Harrold Family, pp. 129, 131.
18Tilney parish register; her baptismal record furnishes her mother’s maiden surname.
19Her death was recorded in the Wisbech registration district in the January-March quarter of 1883, vol. 3b, p. 420.
20Tilney St. Lawrence Parish Church, Kings Lynn, Norfolk, Churchyard Recording (1980-1981), available on FamilySearch.
21His death was recorded in the Wisbech registration district in the January-March quarter of 1884, vol. 3b, p. 383.
22We first became aware of this child through a posting of Tanya Metcalf (apparrently a direct descendant), “Harrold Family from Tilney St. Lawrence,” as cited above. We have also drawn on a valuable entry for his family in the IGI, which however misses the son William.
23The marriage was registered in the April-June quarter of 1842 in the Wisbech registration district, vol. 14, p. 219; we have not checked the original record.
24“Notice to employers of laborers,” The South Australian Government Gazette, 1 September 1863, pp. 577-79, at p. 578.
25The Adelaide Almanac and Directory for South Australia, 1876 (Adelaide, 1876), p. 149, col. 1.
26The baptisms of the first two children are from the “1813 to 1880 Baptism Project, Tilney St Lawrence,” cited above.
271861 Census of England, Cambridgeshire, registration district: Wisbech, subdistrict: Walpole St Peter, enumeration district 10, pp. 10-11; RG9, piece 1050, folios 81-82 [Family History Library microfilm no. 542,743]. The entry reads:
name   relationship cond. age occupation             birthplace
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Joseph Harrold   head  M  40  blacksmith             Norfolk: Tilney
Mary A. Harrold  wife  M  43  wife                   Cambridge: Thorney
Henry Harrold    son   -  16  blacksmith             Cambridge: Thorney
Samuel Harrold   son   -  14  scholar                Cambridge: Thorney
Sarah Harrold    dau.  -  10  scholar                Norfolk: Walton
=== (page break) ===                                 
John Harrold     son   -   5  --                     Norfolk: Walton
Joseph Harrold   son   -   2  --                     Norfolk: Walton
Charles Drachard appr. -  17  apprentice blacksmith  Lincoln: Long Sutton
28Marriage registered in the January-March quarter of 1847 in the Wisbech registration district, vol. 14, p. 1888, per FreeBMD and CAMDEX; we have not checked the original record, which would presumably supply the name of his father.
291851 Census of England, Cambridgeshire, registration district: Wisbech, subdistrict: Leverington, enumeration district 1b, p. 29. The entry reads:
name       relationship cond. age occupation   birthplace
--------------------------------------------------------------
Simon Harrold      head   M   30  blacksmith   Norfolk, Tilney
Catherine Harrold  wife   M   32  ----         Cambs., Wisbech St. Peter
301871 Census of England, Norfolk, registration district: Wisbech, subdistrict: Walpole St. Peter, enumeration district 3, p. 2. The entry reads:
 
name     relationship  cond. age  occupation  birthplace
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Simon Harrold       head   M  48  blacksmith  Norfolk, Tilney
Catherine Harrold   wife   M  51  ----        Cambs., Wisbeach
Mahala Rhamm        niece  -  11  scholar     Norfolk, Walsoken
John Thorp     apprentice  U  20  blacksmith  Norfolk, Walpole St. Peter
David Tester   apprentice  U  17  blacksmith                "
Jane Sharpe       servant  -  15  general servant domestic  "
311881 Census of England, Cambridgeshire, registration district: Wisbech, subdistrict: Walsoken, enumeration district 1, p. 17 of stamped numbering. The entry reads:
name      relationship  cond. age occupation    birthplace
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Simon Harrold      head  M   58  retired blacksmith
                                           Tilney St. Lawrence, Norfolk
Catherine Harrold  wife  M   61  ----          Wisbech, Cambs.
32Marriage registered in the July-September quarter of 1889 in the Wisbech registration district, vol. 3b, p. 1033.
33Information from Jennifer Ham, a descendant of John Retchless’s brother, George Retchless.
34Information from Jennifer Ham.


Of Related Interest

From the Genealogy Page of John Blythe Dobson
URL = johnblythedobson.org/genealogy/ff/Harold.cfm
This page first appeared 17 November 2009
Revised 3 August 2014