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NEWTON

The website The Ancestry of Elizabeth Ann Newton does not directly treat the present Newton family, but contains valuable record extracts from which we have drawn. Thanks are due to Angela Shirt, who pointed out a problem with an earlier version of these notes.


1. Stephen Newton, of the parish of St. Michael, Stamford, Lincolnshire, born 1751-52, died at the age of 85 years shortly before 24 April 1837, when he was buried at All Saints parish church, Stamford.[1] We have not found a corresponding baptism in the IGI. According to The Ancestry of Elizabeth Ann Newton he married 1783 at Stathern, Leicestershire,[2], Elizabeth Clay, but we have not personally examined the evidence for this statement.[3] Certainly the name of his wife — to whom he was married by 1785 — was Elizabeth; she was born 1755-56, died at the age of 80 years shortly before 26 January 1836, when he was buried with her husband.[4] They had the following children, all baptized in the parish church of All Saints, Stamford (per IGI) unless otherwise stated:

  1. Robert Newton, baptized 12 July 1785.
  2. William Newton, baptized 22 June 1787.
  3. Mary Newton, baptized 31 August 1788.
  4. Elizabeth Newton, baptized 29 May 1790, died by 1801, when another daughter was given the same name.
  5. John Newton, baptized 7 October 1791, likely the one below.
  6. Stephen Newton, baptized 28 February 1793.
  7. Ann Newton, baptized 14 February 1796.
  8. Sarah Newton, baptized 16 June 1798.
  9. Elizabeth Newton, baptized 4 December 1801, church not stated.

2. John Newton, of Duddington, Northamptonshire, born 1791-92 at Stamford, Lincolnshire,[5] died 4 April 1861 at Duddington, aged 69 years, of “natural decay,”[6] and buried on 8 April following in St. Mary’s parish churchyard, Duddington.[7] He was likely the one of this name baptized 7 October 1791 in the parish church of All Saints, Stamford, son of Stephen and Elizabeth (____) Newton (IGI). He married by 1811 (the latest possible birthdate for their daughter Emily),[8] Elizabeth [Crick?], born 1791-92 at Tixover, near Uppingham, Rutland,[9] died 6 July 1865 at Duddington, aged 73 years, of “natural decay,”[10] and buried 10 July 1865 in St. Mary’s parish churchyard, Duddington,[11] probably identical with the Elizabeth Crick who was born 26 December 1791 and baptized 1 January 1792 in the parish church of Ketton-cum-Tixover, Rutland, daughter of John and Sarah Crick (it will be noted that she named a son John Crick Newton).[12] Unfortunately her death record, which refers to her as “widow of John Newton, shoemaker (master),” does not supply her maiden surname.
    John and Elizabeth Newton came to Duddington some time after the birth at Stamford, Lincolnshire, of their son John, Jr., in 1819 or 1820; this was probably between the baptism of an Elizabeth Ann Newton at Stamford in May 1822, and that of a Maria Newton at Duddington in December 1824, but as these children cannot be assigned to them with certainty, we cannot be sure. John Newton, shoemaker, is listed in the 1841 census of Duddington, but somehow the rest of his family is missed altogether, not appearing anywhere in the town.[13] He is called a “cordwainer” (i.e. shoemaker) in the 1850 marriage record of his daughter Harriet, and a master shoemaker in his own death record. He was enumerated with his wife Elizabeth and granddaughter Catherine Ford in the 1851 Census of Duddington (in which he is called a boot and shoemaker),[14] but he is also enumerated as a “visitor” in the household of his daughter, Harriet (Newton) Mitchelson, at Red Lion Street, Spalding, Lincolnshire, the entry calling him a master shoemaker.[15] The informant of John Newton’s death was (his son) John Crick Newton, of Duddington. The 1861 census was taken on 7 April, within days of John Newton’s death, and Elizabeth was enumerated at Duddington with several children and with her married daughter Harriet Mitchelson, who was visiting at the time.[16] At her death the informant was (this same son), J.C. Newton, of Duddington.
    Known issue:

  1. Emily Newton, born 1806-11 (aged 30-34 in 1841), outside of Northamptonshire (per 1841 census), and therefore possibly in Lincolnshire, still alive in 1841. She married (as his second wife) some time in 1837-41, and probably by 1838, George Ford, born 1801-06 (aged 35-39 in 1841) in Northamptonshire, living 1841, a brother of Sabina (Ford) Cox who took in his son Henry after George’s death.[17] She is identified as a daughter of John and Elizabeth Newton by virtue of the appearance of her daughter (or possibly step-daughter) Catharine as a “granddaughter” in her parents’ household in 1851. Emily and her husband were enumerated at Duddington in the 1841 census, in which her husband is called a laborer.[18] The three eldest children found with them in 1841 are proven by their baptismal records to have been by a previous marriage of George Ford.[19] Emily and her husband were pretty surely both dead by 1851, when their son Henry is found in the household of her husband’s sister, and their son Edwin is recorded as an orphaned pauper. One possible child:
    1. (child of George Ford, probably by Emily Newton) Catharine Ford, born 1838-39 (aged 2 in 1841) in Northamptonshire, living with Emily Newton’s parents in 1851. She should not be confused with the Catherine Ford baptized 16 June 1839 in the parish church of Duddington as a daughter of a Sophia Ford, no father named (IGI).[20]
  2. (probably) Sarah Newton, baptized 13 January 1819 in the parish church of All Saints, Stamford, Lincolnshire, as a daughter of John and Elizabeth Newton (IGI).
  3. John Crick Newton, Jr., born at Stamford, Lincolnshire (per 1851 and 1861 censuses), baptized there 14 September 1820 in the parish church of St. John, as John Crick Newton, son of John and Elizabeth Newton; still alive in 1881. He married shortly after 24 May 1848, when their marriage intention was published,[21] Letitia Hodges, born 1819-20 (aged 31 in 1851) at Elton, Hampshire, died 1851-61. John Crick Newton and his wife were enumerated at Kings Cliffe, Northamptonshire, in the 1851 census, in which he is called a shoemaker.[22] He had returned to the household of his widowed mother by the taking of the 1861 census, when he was himself an apparently childless widower, and a shoemaker. As “John Crick Newton [of] Duddington” he served as the informant of his father’s death in April 1861, and as “J.C. Newton [of] Duddington” as that for his mother’s death in July 1865. He married (2) probably in 1863 at Leicester,[23] his possible kinswoman, Sarah Ann Crick, born 1823-24 (aged 57 in 1881) at Leicester, co. Leicester, alive in 1881, probably the Sarah Ann Crick baptized 9 July 1823 in the parish church of St. Margaret, Leicester (IGI), daughter of John Crick and Hannah Bishop.[24] John Crick Newton and his second wife removed to Leicester St. Margaret by the taking of the 1881 census, in which he appears as a boot maker.[25] Only known child (by second wife):
    1. Arthur B. Newton, born 1864-65 (aged 16 in 1881) at Duddington, Northamptonshire; alive in 1881, when he is described in the census as having “left school” and being “out of employ.”
  4. (probably) Elizabeth Ann Newton, baptized 23 May 1822 in the parish church of St. John, Stamford, as a daughter of John and Elizabeth Newton (IGI).
  5. (probably) Maria Newton, baptized 12 December 1824 in the parish church of Saint Mary, Duddington, as a daughter of John and Elizabeth Newton (IGI).
  6. Harriet Newton, born at Duddington, baptized 28 May 1826 in the parish church of Saint Mary, Duddington (IGI), died 23 November 1901 at no. 11 Abbey Street, Derby, Derbyshire, of stomach disease, aged 74 years.[26] She married 25 August 1850 in the Independent Chapel, Stamford, Lincolnshire,[27] Richard Mitchelson, of Spalding, Lincolnshire, a valet, born about 1816-17 (aged 32 in 1850, 45 in 1861) at Wissendine, Rutland (per 1861 census), living 1860 (when his daughter Lydia was born) but died by 1871 (when his wife appears as a widow in the census), son of William Mitchelson, of Wissendine. For further details see MITCHELSON.
  7. (possibly) Jemima Newton, baptized (as “Jemimia”) 30 March 1828 in the parish church of Saint Mary, Duddington, as a daughter of John and Elizabeth Newton (IGI). She is pretty surely the Jemima Newton, aged 24, born at Duddington, who appears as a cook in the household of Catherine Brereton, gentlewoman, in the 1851 census of Stamford, Lincolnshire.[28]
  8. Emma Newton, born 1830-31 (aged 30 in 1861) at Duddington, living unmarried with her widowed mother in 1861.

Unplaced persons

Ralph Newton, of Duddington, born (aged 20-24 in 1841), living 1843. He married in 1843, Mary Ann Bromhead. This marriage was registered in 1843 in the district of Stamford, Lincolnshire, the parties being named as Ralph John Newton and Mary Jane Bromhead, the middle name of the bride being in error.[29] In light of this marriage, it is obvious that they were the Ralph Newton and Mary A. Bromhead found two years earlier, in the 1841 census, in the same household as Eliz. Bromhead, widow; the household also included an Elizabeth Newton, who was presumably Ralph’s sister.[30] A published Newton pedigree identifies the husband of Mary Anne Bromhead as “Ralph John Newton,” son of Ralph Newton, of a gentry family of Sawtry, co. Huntingdon.[31]


Notes

1Per National Burial Index; original record not seen.
2Strathern marriage records, as indexed in The Ancestry of Elizabeth Ann Newton.
3No marriage of Stephen Newton and Elizabeth ____ appears in the IGI (as of December 2007) or in FreeReg (as of July 2008).
4Per National Burial Index; original record not seen.
5He was aged 50-54 in the 1841 census, 59 in the 1851 census, and 69 in 1861, while the place is stated in the 1851 census.
6Civil registrations of deaths, Stamford Registration District, April-June quarter, 1861, vol. 7a, p. 175.
7Per National Burial Index; original record not seen.
8No marriage for them appears in Boyd’s Marriage Index or in the IGI (as of December 2007).
9She was aged 50-54 in the 1841 census, 59 in the 1851 census, 69 in the 1861 census, 73 in 1865; her birthplace is stated in the 1851 and 1861 censuses.
10Civil registrations of deaths, Stamford Registration District, July-September quarter, 1865, vol. 7a, p. 179.
11Per National Burial Index; original record not seen.
12No marriage of John Crick and Sarah ____ appears in Boyd’s Marriage Index, in the IGI (as of December 2007), or in FreeReg (as of July 2008). The IGI shows no children of a John and Sarah Crick born in Rutland, other than this Elizabeth of 1792. It also does not show other Cricks in Rutland during this period.
131841 Census of England, Northamptonshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, parish: Duddington; enumeration district 15, p. 1; HO107/812/4, folio 3. (Note: in 1841 and 1851 the Stamford Registration District included parts of Northamptonshire and Rutland.) The entry reads:
                           born in county?
Jno Newton 50   shoe ....  no
141851 census of England, Northamptonshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, enumeration district 1, p. 20; HO107/2094, folio 14 [Family History Library microfilm no. 87,722]. The entry reads:
John Newton    head    mar. 59  boot           Lincoln — Stamford
                                & shoemaker
Elizabeth "    wife    mar. 59  ----           Rutland — Tixover
Catherine Ford grandd. unm. 11  scholar        Northants. — Duddington
Henry Bollin   ap[p]   unm. 18  boot maker ap. Northants. — Wood Newton
151851 census of England, Lincolnshire, registration district: Spalding, subdistrict: Pinchbeck, enumeration district 2c, p. 32; HO107/2096, folio 424 [Family History Library microfilm no. 87,725]. The entry reads:
Richard Mitchelson head mar.  31 ostler    Rutland — Thistleton
H.      "          wife mar.  24           Northants. — Duddington
John Newton     visitor mar.* 59 shoemaker Lincoln — Stamford
                                   (master)
* Reading uncertain; stroked through.
161861 Census of England, Lincolnshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, enumeration district 1, p. 18; PRO R.G. 9, piece 2311, fo. 12 [Family History Library microfilm no. 542,952]. The entry reads:
name        relationship cond. age occupation birthplace
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Elisabeth Newton   head     W  69  ----       Rutland -- Tixover
John Newton        son      W  40  shoemaker  Lincoln -- Stamford
Emma Newton        dau.     U  30  serv.      Northants. -- Duddington
Harriet Mitchelson dau.     M  34  ----       Northants. -- Duddington
Lydia Mitchelson   dau.*    -   5  ----       Lincoln -- Spalding
Robert Littles     apprent. U  18  shoemaker  Northants. -- Kings Cliffe
---
* Sic; actually she was Harriet Mitchelson's daughter
17 The marriage of Sabina Ford and Henry Cox was registered in the Stamford registration district in the October-December quarter of 1843, vol. 14, p. 983 (original record not seen).
181841 Census of England, Northamptonshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, enumeration district 15, p. 6; HO107/812/4, folio 6 [Family History Library microfilm no. 438,881]. The entry reads:
                                 born in county?
George Ford  35[-39]  labor[er]  yes
Emily     "  30[-34]             no
Agnes     "   7                  no
Catharine "   2                  yes
Henry     "   7                  yes
Edwin     "   4                  yes
19These children were:
  1. Henry John Ford (apparently a twin to Agnes below), born at Duddington (per 1851 census), baptized 14 September 1834 in the parish church of St. Mary, Duddington, as a son of George and Hannah Ford (IGI). He was living with his father and stepmother in 1841, but in 1851 is found in the household of an uncle and aunt, Henry and Sabina (Ford) Cox, of Duddington (1851 Census of England, Northamptonshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, enumeration district 1, p. 19; HO107/2094, folio 13 [Family History Library microfilm no. 87,722]). “Henry and Edwin Ford, Duddington,” are mentioned under date of 7 December 1842 in the Stamford Union poor-law administration minutes; see Stamford Union minutes, 1838-1842, ed. Anne Cole, available online at http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Stamford/stamford_union_list.txt.
  2. Agnes Ford (apparently a twin to Henry above), born 1833-34 (aged 7 in 1841) outside of Northamptonshire [sic]; we have not found her in the 1851 census.
  3. Edwin Ford, born in Northamptonshire, baptized 29 October 1837 in the parish church of Duddington, as a son of George and Hannah Ford (IGI). He was living with his father and stepmother in 1841, but in 1851 is found as an 11-year-old orphaned pauper, born at Duddington, in the Union Workhouse at Stamford, Lincolnshire (1851 Census of England, Lincolnshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, institution: Union Workhouse, p. 5; HO107/2094, folio 382 [Family History Library microfilm no. 87,722]). It is possible this man became a Mormon, as the IGI contains a “LDS Church membership record of a deceased person” for an “Edwin or Alvin” Ford, born 8 February 1840 at Duddington.
20The baptisms of three children are recorded at Duddington as of Sophia Ford and no father, spread over a four-year period:
  1. Agnes Ford, baptized 4 March 1837.
  2. Catherine Ford, baptized 16 June 1839.
  3. Emma Mary Ford, baptized 5 December 1841.
These are explained by the following extracts from the Stamford Union poor-law administration minutes of 12 and 19 Jan 1842: “Sophia Ford of Tixover, 3 illegitimate children” and “father of her youngest child was Thomas West, groom, now living at Woodhall Spa.” See in Stamford Union minutes, 1838-1842, ed. Anne Cole, available online at http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Stamford/stamford_union_list.txt.
21Marriage intention of John Crick Newton and Letitia Hodges, quoted in Stamford Union Minute book No. 6 [PL15/102/6]; see Stamford Union minutes, 1838-1842, ed. Anne Cole, available online at http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Stamford/stamford_union_list.txt.
221851 Census of England, Northamptonshire, registration district: Oundle, subdistrict: Oundle, enumeration district 1a, p. 18; HO107/1746, folio 350 [Family History Library microfilm no. 87,701]. The entry reads:
John Crick Newton  head  mar.  30  shoe maker  Lincoln — Stamford
Letitia Newton     wife  mar.  31  ----        Hants. — Elton
23The marriage was registered at Leicester in the April-June quarter of 1863, vol. 7a, p. 366 (reference from index; original record not checked).
24Patrons’s submission records indexed in the IGI and other sources as cited supply the following family record:
John Crick, born 1795-96 (aged 45 in 1841) in Leicestershire (per 1841 census), alive in 1847. Could he have been another child of the John Crick and Sarah ___, sometime of Ketton-cum-Tixover, Rutland, mentioned above? He married 28 July 1818 at Humberstone, Leicester (verified from controlled extraction of parish register), Hannah Bishop, born 1794-95 (aged 46 in 1841) in Leicestershire (per 1841 census), alive in 1840; perhaps the Hannah Bishop baptized 22 October 1797 in the parish church of Humberstone, Leicester (IGI), daughter of Daniel and Mary (____) Bishop. They were enumerated at Humberstone, Leicestershire, in the 1841 census, in which John is called a builder [Registration district: Billesdon, Subdistrict: Billesdon, enumeration district 4, pp. 14-15; PRO HO107, piece 592, book 21]. They have not been found in the 1851 census. Known issue:
  1. John Crick, baptized __ February 1820 in the parish church of St. Margaret, Leicester.
  2. Mary Crick, baptized 6 January 1821 in the parish church of St. Margaret, Leicester.
  3. Sarah Ann Crick, baptized 9 July 1823 in the parish church of St. Margaret, Leicester, still living unmarried with her parents in 1841.
  4. Daniel Bishop Crick, born 1825, alive in 1861; no longer living with his parents in 1841.
  5. Elizabeth Crick, born 1827-28 (aged 13 in 1841), alive in 1881.
  6. Susannah Crick, born 1829-30 (aged 11 in 1841), alive in 1841.
  7. Emma Crick, born 1831-32 (aged 9 in 1841), alive in 1871.
  8. John Crick, born 1832-33 (aged 8 in 1841), alive in 1841.
  9. Arthur Crick, baptized 13 July 1836 in in the parish church of St. Margaret, Leicester, alive in 1841.
  10. Mary Ann Crick, born 1839 at Humberstone, co. Leicester, alive in 1881; married about 1878, Nathaniel Orton, of Leicester.
251881 Census of England, co. Leicester, Leicester St. Margaret, p. 33; PRO RG11, piece 3160, fo. 20 [Family History Library microfilm no. 134,1754]. The entry reads:
name         relation  cond. gender age birthplace             occupation
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
John Crick Newton   head   M   M   60   Lincoln: Stamford      boot maker
Sarah A. Newton     wife   M   F   57   Leicester
Arthur B. Newton    son        M   16   Northants.: Duddington
                                               left school; out of employ
26Civil registration of death, Civil registration of death, Derby Registration District, vol. 7b, p. 327.
27Marriage certificate; registered in the 3rd quarter (July-September) of that year in the Stamford District, reference 14:851. Previously, the marriage intention of Richard Mitchelson and Harriet Newton, published 31 July 1850, was mentioned in the Stamford Union Minute book No. 6 [PL15/102/6]; see Stamford Union minutes, 1838-1842, ed. Anne Cole, available online at http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Stamford/stamford_union_list.txt.
281851 census of England, Lincolnshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, enumeration district 13a, p. 20; HO107/2094, folio 341 [Family History Library microfilm no. 87,722].
29This marriage was registered in the January-March quarter of 1843 in the district of Stamford, Lincolnshire, vol. 14, p. 731; we have not consulted the original record, which should of course give the names of the parties’s fathers.
301841 Census of England, Northamptonshire, registration district: Stamford, subdistrict: Stamford, enumeration district 15, pp. 13-14; HO107/812/4, folios 8 and 9 [Family History Library microfilm no. 438,881]. The entry reads:
                                    born in county?
Ralph Newton   20[-24]   ind.*      no
=== (page break) ===
Eliz. Bromhead 50[-54]   ind.       yes
Mary A.    "   20[-24]   ind.       no
Charlotte  "   20[-24]   ind.       no
Jane       "   15        ind.       no
Jno. Tho.  "   20[-24]   ind.       yes
Eliz. Newton   20[-24]   servant?   yes
===
* i.e. of independent means
31Janet Garrood, “Newton Pedigree,” printed chart pedigree dated 1933, from a copy kindly supplied by Angela Shirt.


Some Sites of Related Interest

From the Genealogy Page of John Blythe Dobson
URL = johnblythedobson.org/genealogy/ff/Newton.cfm
This page written 14 June 2003
Last revised 24 July 2008