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The royal descent of
Jean Margaret (Kennedy) Mitchelson
part I

When this page originally appeared in 2003, the descents of the writer’s maternal grandmother Jean Margaret (Kennedy) Mitchelson from Edward I of England were still the “best” royal descents known, i.e. those from the most recently-deceased monarch. Of these, the following is the briefest, showing her descent from Edward I (generation 18) in only 20 generations.[1] At generation 25 two additional descents from Edward I, both one generation longer, are noted. Back of this, we show the descent of Edward I from the dowager Empress Maud, heiress of England (generation 14), and since her mother, Matilda, the legitimist heiress of England, had no known descents from Charlemagne, we continue backward through her father, Henry I of England. When these notes first appeared in 2003 the latter’s alleged Carolingian descent through his father, William the Conqueror, was widely regarded as problematic,[2] and we decided to focus instead on the ancestry of the Conqueror’s wife, Matilda of Flanders, who appears to have had as many as eighteen well-attested descents from Charlemagne.[3] Of these we present the briefest, which seems to be beyond dispute.

    As is generally the case with royal descents, the line runs through many females (who comprise 15 of the 36 persons included), resulting in many changes of surname in the pedigree, and many changes of locale — from continental Europe to England, then from Connecticut through New York, Nova Scotia, to Ontario, and finally to Manitoba. From the birth of Charlemagne in 747 to the birth 35 generations later of Margaret (Kennedy) Mitchelson in 1917, the average generation-length is 33.4 years. Our account draws on many published sources, but it is our understanding that the most difficult links in the modern portions of the pedigree were established by Robert Behra and by Gale Ion Harris, and we are deeply grateful to their work. We are also grateful to those who have sent corrections and comments to earlier drafts of this material, including the late Cecelia (Coon) Botting, Ross W. McCurdy, and Douglas Richardson, although they should of course not be held accountable for any errors of fact or interpretation.

    In order to avoid excessive repetition, references to more general sources, such as lineage-books, are gathered together in a condensed list at the end of the text, immediately prior to the endnotes, which are reserved for discussion of controversial points or specific supplemental matter such as the ancestry of spouses.

  1. Charlemagne, King of Neustria, Austrasia, and Easter Aquitaine 768, King of Lombardy and Patriarch of Rome 774, Emperor of the West 800 (crowned on Christmas day by Pope Leo III), born probably on 2 April 748,[4] died 2 January 814 at Aachen. He had four wives and at least six concumbines. He married (2) in 771, before 30 April, Hildegard, born 758, died 30 April 783, daughter of Gerold I, Count of the Vinzgouw, by Imma, daughter of Hnabi, Duke of Allemania, Count in the Linzgau.[5]
  2. Ludwig I (called “le Pieux” or “le Débonnaire”), declared King of Aquitaine by his father at his birth, and confirmed as such in 781, Emperor of the West 816, born in April-September of 778 at Chasseneuil-du-Poitou, in Aquitaine, died 20 June 840 near Mainz. He married (1) in 794-98, Hermengarde, died 3 October 818, daughter of Ingram/Ingelram, Count in Hesbaye, in Liège. He married (2) in February 819, Judith, born ca. 805, died 19 April 843, daughter of Welf, Duke of Bavaria, by his wife Eigilwich.[6]
  3. Gisela, born 819-22, living 1 July 874. She married in 836-40, Eberhard, created Count of Trevise by his wife’s brother, the Emperor Lothair, succeeded as Duke of Friuli ca. 846, died probably in 864-66 at Maniastre, in Trevise, son of Hunroch I, Duke of Friuli, by his wife Engeltrude. She and her husband founded about 840 the Abbey of Canon Regulars at Chisoing (or Cisoin), near Lille, where he is buried.[7]
  4. Berengar I, Duke of Friuli and Marquis of Trevise 874 (succeeding his brother Hunroch II, who died s.p.), King of Italy (Jan. 888-death), Emperor of the West (915-924), born ca. 840-50, murdered 7 April 924 at Verona. He married (1) probably by 880,[8] Bertila, died December 915, said to have been poisoned for her infidelities, daughter of Suppo, Duke of Spoleto, in Perugia, Italy, by his wife Bertha. He married (2) ca. 915, Anna, of unknown origin, living May 936.[9]
  5. Gisela, born ca. 880-85, living June 910 but dead by the end of 915. She married (as his first wife?) before 900, Adalbert, Margrave of Ivrea, in Torino, Italy, from 896, died 923-25, son of Anchier/Ansgar, Margrave of Ivrea, possibly by a wife Gisela. Her widower married secondly, about 915, Ermengarde, daughter of Adalbert (“The Rich”), Marquis of Tuscany.[10]
  6. Berengar II of Ivrea, Margrave of Ivrea, King of Italy jointly with his son Adalbert from 950 until they were deposed in 961, born say 907, died 6 August 966. He imprisoned Adelheid, the beautiful widow of the Emperor Lothair, and tried to force her to marry his son Adalbert, but she escaped and married the future Emperor Otto the Great, who retaliated by invading Lombardy and deposing Berengar and his son. He married before 936, Willa, died 966, after 6 August, daughter of Boson, Count of Arles, Marquis of Tuscany, by his wife Willa.[11]
  7. Rozela/Susanna, born say 952, died 2 January 003. She married (1) 968, Arnulf II (“The Young”), Count of Flanders 973, born December 961, died 30 March 987, son of Baldwin III, Count of Flanders, by Maud, daughter of Hermann Billung, Duke of Saxony, by Hildegarde of Westerbourg.[12] She married (2) (as his first wife), but was afterward repudiated by him, Robert II, King of France.
  8. Balduin IV (Barbatus), Count of Flanders 987, Count of Valenciennes 1007, born ca. 980, died 30 May 1036. He married (1) ca. 1012, Otgiva, said in most modern acccounts to have been a daughter of brother of Friedrich I, Count of Luxemburg, but possibly a daughter of the latter’s brother Giselbert of Wallerfangen.[13] He married (2) ca. 1031, a daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy.
  9. Balduin V (“De Lille”), Count of Flanders 1035, born ca. 1012, died 1 September 1067. He married (as her second husband) in 1028, Adela/Aelis/Adelheid, died January 079, widow of Richard III, Duke of Normandy, and daughter of Robert II, King of France, by Constance, daughter of Guillaume I, Count of Arles.[14]
  10. Matilda of Flanders, born ca. 1032, died 2/3 November 1083 at Caen, Normandy, and buried in the Abbey of the La Trinié at Caen, daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders, by Adela, daughter of Robert II, King of France.[15] She married in 1053 (?) at the Cathedal of Notre Dame d’Eu, Normandy, William I (“the Bastard,” later known as “the Conqueror”), Duke of Normandy 1035-1087, King of England by conquest 1066-1087, born ca. 1027/8 at Falaise Castle, Normandy, died 8/9 September 1087 at the Priory of St. Gervais near Rouen, and buried in the Abbey of St. Etienne at Caen. He succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy on 22 July 1035. He defeated Harold I at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066 and claimed the crown of England by right of conquest.
  11. Henry I (“Beauclerc”), King of England 1100-1135, born September 1068 at Selby, Yorkshire, died 1 December 1135 at the Castle of Lions in Normandy, and buried in Reading Abbey. He became lord of Domfront in 1092 and Count of Coutances and Bayeux in 1096. He succeeded his brother William II as King of England on 3 August 1100. He usurped the duchy of Normandy on 28 September 1106, after defeating his brother Robert, the lawful Duke, at the Battle of Tinchebrai. He married (1) 11 November 1100, Matilda of Scotland, born 1079, died 1 May 1118, daughter of Malcolm III (Canmore), King of Scots, by St. Margaret, heiress of England, daughter of Edward Ætheling.[16] He married (2) (as her first husband) 2 January 121, Adelheid, daughter of Godfrey I (Barbatus), Duke of Lothier, Marquis of Antwerp, Count of Brabant and Louvain, by Ida, daughter of Albert III, Count of Namur; she afterward married secondly William d’Albini, Earl of Sussex.
  12. Maud, born ca. August 1102, died 10 September 1167 at the Priory of the Pré de Rouen, and buried in the Abbey of Bec, Normandy. She married (1) as a child, January 114, Henry V, Emperor of Germany, who died 1125. She married (2) 3 April or 22 May 1127 at Rouen, Geoffrey V (nicknamed “Plantagenet” after the broom-plant which he used as a badge), born 24 August 1113, died 7 September 1151 at Château-du-Loir, and buried in the Cathedral Church of St. Julien at Le Mans, son of Fulk V, Count of Anjou, King of Jerusalem, by Eremburga, heiress of Maine, daughter of Helias, Seigneur de La Fleche, Count of Maine. In consequence of her first marriage she was therefore called “The Empress.”[17]
  13. Henry II (“FitzEmpress” or “Curtmantle”), born 5 March 1133 at Le Mans, Anjou, became Count of Touraine and Maine in 1151, and succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou on 7 September 1151. He succeeded his second cousin Stephen as King of England, and was crowned 19 December 1154. He married 18 May 1152 at the Castle of Bordeaux, in Gascony, Eleanor d’Aquitaine, born ca. 1123, died 31 March 1204, daughter of Guillaume X, Duke of Aquitaine, by Eleanor, bastard daughter of Aimery I, Viscount of Châtellerault.[18]
  14. John (“Lackland”), King of England, born 24 December 1166 at Beaumont Palace, died 1216. Designated King of Ireland in 1177 and created Count of Mortain in 1189. He was styled Earl of Gloucester in right of his first wife from 29 August 1189. He succeeded his brother Richard as King of England and Duke of Normandy on 27 May 1199. He married (1) 29 August 1189, and divorced 1199, Isabel, daughter and heiress of William, Earl of Gloucester, by Hawise, daughter of Robert, Earl of Leicester. He married (2) (as her first husband) 24 August 1200 at the Cathedral of Bordeaux, in Gascony, Isabelle d’Angouleme, died 31 May 1246, daughter and heiress of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, by Alix, daughter of Pierre de France, Seigneur de Courtenay;[19] she married secondly Hugh de Lusignan.
  15. Henry III, born 1 October 1207 at Winchester Castle Hampshire, succeeded his father as King of England and Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine in 1216. In December 1259 he formally renounced the duchy of Normandy under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. He married 1 January 1236 at Canterbury Cathedral, Eleanor of Provence, born after 1221 (possibly in 1223), died 25 June 1291 in the convent of Amesbury in Wiltshire, to which she had retired as a nun after her husband’s death, daughter of Raymond Berenger IV, Count of Provence, by Beatrix, daughter of Tomaso, Count of Savoy.[20] Their second son Edmund (Crouchback), Earl of Lancaster, was an ancestor of Richard FitzAlan, husband of no. 19 below.
  16. Edward I (“Longshanks”), King of England and Duke of Aquitaine 1272, born 17 June 1239 at Westminster, died 7/8 July 1307 at Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, and buried in Westminster Abbey. He was created Duke of Gascony and Earl of Chester in 1254. He married (1) 18 October 1254 in the Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile, Leonor de Castilla (called Eleanore in England), Countess of Ponthieu and Montreal 1279, heiress of the Castilian claims to Gascony, born 1240, died 28 November 1290 at Herdeby, co. Lincoln, and buried in Westminster Abbey, daughter of Fernando III (El Santo), King of Castilla, Toledo, Extremadura, León, Galicia, of and Córdoba, Conqueror of Sevilla (1248), canonized 1671, by his second wife, Jeanne de Dammartin, Countess of Aumale, daughter of Simon de Dammartin, Count of Aumale and Ponthieu.[21] They had 18 children. He married (2) 8/10 September 1299 in Canterbury Cathedral, Marguerite de France, died 14 February 1317/8 at Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire.
  17. Elizabeth of England, born 7 August 1282 at Rhuddlan Castle, co. Caernarvon, died 5 May 1316 at Quendon, Essex, following childbirth, and buried at Walden Abbey. She married (1) Jan, Count of Holland and Zeeland. She married (2) 14 November 1302 at Westminster, Humphrey de Bohun VIII, 4th Earl of Hereford and 3rd Earl of Essex, Hereditary Constable of England, born ca. 1276 (aged 22 at his father’s death in 1298), slain 16 March 1321/2 in battle at Boroughbridge, dying testate, and buried in the church of the Friars Preachers at York. He was a son of Humphrey de Bohun VII, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex, Hereditary Constable of England, by Maud, daughter of Enguerrand de Fiennes II, Seigneur de Fiennes, in Guisnes, Baron de Tingry, Lord of Wendover.[22]
  18. William de Bohun, created a Knight of the Garter by July 1331, created 6th Earl of Northampton (1337), born ca. 1312, died 16 September 1360. He fought in the Battle of Crecy.[23] He married (as her second husband) in 1335-38, Elizabeth de Badlesmere, died (testate) 8 June 1356, and buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, widow of Edmund de Mortimer, Lord Mortimer of Wigmore, sister and coheiress of Giles de Badlesmere, and daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere. By her first husband she was an ancestress of Edward V, the last Plantagenet king.[24]
  19. Elizabeth de Bohun, died 3 April 1385, and buried at Lewes, sister of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, and 2nd Earl of Northampton, father-in-law of Henry IV. She married (1) (contract dated 28 September 1359, papal dispensation same month), her 3rd cousin, Richard FitzAlan III, 11th or 4th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey, born 1345-47, beheaded 21 September 1397 at Tower Hill, dying testate, and buried in the Augustinian Church, son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel and 9th Earl of Surrey, by Alianor of Lancaster, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, grandson of Henry III and Eleonor of Provence (see generation 15 above). “He was bearer of the Crown at the coronation of Richard II, 16 july 1377, was a member of the Council, and was made Admiral of the West and South, 1377, and subsequently, 1386, of all England. K.G. 1386. He distinguished himself in the French wars, gaining a brilliant naval victory over the allied French, Spanish, and Flemish fleets, off Margate, 24 March 1387, and was made Governor of Brest in 1388, being one of the five Lords Appellant in the Parliament of that year. Together with the Duke of Gloucester he took an active part against the King, who, in 1388, was entirely in that Duke’s power. In 1394 he obtained pardon for all political offences, but was treacherously seized, 12 July 1397, tried at Westminster, and beheaded in Cheapside, 21 Sep. 1397.” He was attainted, but his son Thomas obtained a restoration of the earldom thirteen years later.[25] His sister, Alice, was a direct ancestress both of the brothers Edward IV and Richard III, of the latter’s wife Anne of Warwick, and of Henry VII.[26] He married (2) Philippe Mortimer, widow of John Hastings, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, and daughter of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, by Philippe, daughter and heiress of Lionel, Duke of Clarence (third son of King Edward III).
  20. Elizabeth FitzAlan, born about 1375 (aged “40 and more” at the death of her brother Thomas in 1415), died 8 July 1425, sister and co-heiress of Thomas FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel. She was of a very prominent family, being double first cousin of Mary de Bohun (d. 1394), the first wife of Henry IV, and a second cousin of this king himself. She married (1) before December 1378, William de Montagu, Knt., died s.p., v.p. 6 August 1382, son and heir of the Earl of Salisbury. She married (2) in July 1384, her double-third and double-fourth cousin,[27] Thomas de Mowbray, afterward 1st Duke of Norfolk, died 22 September 1399, by whom she had four children.[28] She married (3) shortly before 19 August 1401, Robert Goushill, Knt., of Hoveringham, co. Nottingham, who died 21 July 1403 of wounds sustained in the Battle of Shrewsbury, and was possibly buried in Hoveringham church, where a tomb said to be that of him and his wife survives; he was son of Nicholas de Goushill, Knt., of Hoveringham and Barlborough.[29] By him she had two daughters, their father’s coheiresses. On this marriage, without the king’s permission, her dower lands were seized by the crown (19 August 1401), but were subsequently restored before his death. Elizabeth FitzAlan and Robert Goushill were ancestors of H.M. Elizabeth, the late Queen Mother, in at least six lines.[30] She married (4) before 18 April 1411, Gerard de Usflete, Knight of the Bath (1306),[31] whose will was proved in February 1420/1. She seems to have been buried with her third husband in Hoveringham church.
  21. Joan Goushill, born about 1401 (aged 2 years at her father’s death in July 1403), living 1460, her parents’ coheiress.[32] She was sister to Elizabeth Goushill, wife of Sir Robert Wingfield, of Letheringham, co. Suffolk, who was also an ancestress of numerous early New England settlers.[33] Thomas Stanley, Knt., of Lathom and Knowlsey, co., Lancaster, Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man, Lieutenant of Ireland, Controller to the Household of King Henry VI, Chamberlain of North Wales, Knight of the Shire for Lancashire (1447-55), summoned to the House of Lords as 1st Lord Stanley (1456), created a Knight of Garter shortly before 13 May 1457, born about 1406 (aged 31 years at the death of his father in 1437), died 20 February 1458/9, and buried at Nurscough Priory, son of John de Stanley, Knt., of Lathom, co. Lancaster, Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man, by Isabel, daughter of Nicholas Haryngton, Knt., of Farleton, co. Lancaster.[34] Faris notes that he and his wife had four sons and three daughters. They were ancestors of H.M. Elizabeth, the late Queen Mother, in at least five different lines.[35] The eldest son, Thomas, was 1st Earl of Derby, a title still borne by his successors.[36]
  22. John Stanley, Knt., of Weever and Alderley, co. Chester jure uxoris, died before 1485.[37] He married (as her first husband) Elizabeth de Weever, died 17 February 1512/3,[38] heiress of Weever, in the parish of Middlewich, co. Chester, who married secondly Sir John Done, of Utkinton; she was daughter and heiress of Thomas de Weever, of Weever and Over Alderley, co. Chester, by Elizabeth ____.[39] He and his wife were the ancestors of the Baronets Stanley and the Barons Stanley of Alderley.
  23. Margery Stanley, married (arranged Jan. 1490),[40] William Torbock, lord of the manor of Tarbock, in the parish of Huyton, co. Lancaster, born about 1464 (aged “about 25 years” at the death of his elder brother, Henry, in 1489), knighted by George, Lord Strange, in Scotland, during the expedition of 1497, died 5 May 1505, son of Richard Torbock, of the same place, by a daughter (probably Elizabeth) of Thomas Daniell.[41]
  24. Thomas Torbock, Esq., lord of the manor of Tarbock (succ. 1505), in the parish of Huyton, co. Lancaster, born about 1497 (aged 8 years at his father’s death in 1505), died 20 September 1554. According to Faris, he had two sons and three daughters. He married by 1526, Elizabeth Moore, daughter of William Moore, Esq., of “Bank House,” Kirkdale, in the parish of Walton, co. Lancaster, by Alice, daughter of William Ireland of Hale and “The Hutt,” co. Lancaster.[42]
  25. William Torbock, Esq., lord of the manor of Tarbock (succ. 1554), in the parish of Huyton, co. Lancaster, born about 1526 (aged 28 on his father’s death in 1554), living 14 May 1558 (when he made his will), and died s.p.m.s. soon after.[43] He had two sons who died during their parents’ lifetimes, and two daughters, his heiresses. The manor of Tarbock was inherited by his brother, Edward. He married by 1555,[44] his double third cousin once removed (through their mutual descent from Thomas Stanley and Joan Goushill, above), Katherine Gerard, whose memorial (of which we have not been able to discover the date) notes that she “o.s.p.m.” (i.e. died without male issue), daughter of Sir Thomas Gerard, of Kingsley, in the parish of Frodsham, co. Chester, and of Byrn in Ashton-in-Makerfield, co. Lancaster, Sheriff of Lancashire, by Jane, daughter of Peter Legh.[45] Each of her parents (who were second cousins to one another) also possessed the Goushill-Stanley royal descent:[46] Her father was son of Sir Thomas Gerard by Margery, daughter of Sir Edmund Trafford by Margaret, daughter of Sir John Savage by Catherine, daughter of Thomas Stanley and Joan Goushill.[47] Her mother’s father, Peter Legh (Jr.), was son of Sir Peter Legh by Ellen, another daughter of Sir John Savage by Catherine Stanley aforesaid.[48] She would appear to have predeceased her mother, whose 1575 will makes bequests to Katherine’s daughters.[49]
  26. Margaret Torbock, born not long after 14 May 1558,[50] mentioned in the 1575 will of her maternal grandmother, Jane (Legh) Gerard; living 1586. She married by 1587,[51] Oliver Mainwaring (I), Gent., of Exeter, Devon, and of Windleshaw, co. Lancaster, born say 1545-50, living 1587 but died by 1634 (for it was his son, Oliver, rather than he, who was served heir to his older brother Christopher in that year), seventh son of George Mainwaring, of Exeter, by Juliana, daughter of Thomas Spurway, Mayor of Exeter. Faris suggests that he was probably identical with “one Olyver Manwayringe, servant to the right wo[rshipful] Sr George Peckham, Knight, [who] being authorized for that purpose came in and declared the pretence and orger of a voyage pretended to the western parte of America” in 1583. He and his wife were probably parents of Mary Mainwaring, wife of Benjamin Gill of Maryland.[52]
  27. Oliver Mainwaring (II), Gent., of Exeter and Dawlish, Devon, was born about 1587 (in a deposition of 1666 he is stated to have been “aged 79 and upwards”), and was heir to his father’s older brother Christopher Mainwaring, who died intestate and s.p. in 1634. He died (apparently intestate) 14 March 1672, and was buried at Dawlish. He married 1618 (an entry in the LDS Ancestral file says 21 June) at Heavitree, near Exeter, Prudence Esse, baptized 23 December 1599 at Clyst Formison (alias Sowton), Devon, daughter of Henry Esse (or Aishe), Gent., of Clyst Formison, by Loveday, daughter of Richard Moyle, of St. Austle, Cornwall.[53]
  28. Oliver Mainwaring (or Manwaring) (III), baptized 16 March 1633/4 at Dawlish, Devon, died 3 November 1723, aged 89 years, at New London, Connecticut. His 1723 will mentions, among others, “the heirs of Elizabeth Harris,” who had predeceased him. He married by 1662 (in which year Richard Raymond deeded land to his “son-in-law Oliver Manwaring”), Hannah Rayment (or Raymond), baptized 12 February 1643 at Salem, Massachusetts, died 18 December 1717 at New London, Connecticut, daughter of Richard Rayment/Raymond, of Salem and of Saybrook, Connecticut, by Judith ____.[54]
  29. Elizabeth Mainwaring (or Manwaring), born about 1663, died v.p. 17 August 1720 at New London, aged 57 years. She joined the First Church of New London on 15 October 1693. The 1723 will of her long-lived father, who survived her, mentions “the heirs of Elizabeth Harris.” She married 7 July 1686 at New London, Peter Harris, of New London, Connecticut, born there 8 December 1660, died there 2 January 718/9 “with ye dropsie,” aged 58 years, son of Gabriel Harris, of New London, by Elizabeth Abbott, probably a daughter of Robert Abbott, of Watertown, Massachussetts.[55]
  30. Joseph Harris,[56] of Poughkeepsie, baptized 12 June 1709 in the First Church of New London, Connecticut, living 1746. Joseph Harris, “son of Mr. Peter Harris, deceased, formerly of New London, now of Waterbury,” sold his father’s share of land in Waterbury when he came of age in 1730. In a deed dated 1 February 1731, he is called “resident now of Guilford, New Haven County,” Connecticut.[57] G.I. Harris gives further details of Connecticut land transactions for this man. He is first of record in New York in 1737, when he is listed as a tax-payer in the Middle Ward of Nine Partners Precinct, Dutchess Co.[58] In 1738 he was appointed Constable and Collector for Crum Elbow Precinct.[59] He had several children baptized at Poughkeepsie in 1739-45. The account-book of his wife’s mother’s half-brother, Francis Filkin, who was the landlord of their farm at Crum Elbow, records sales to him in 1744 of a total of 14 dozen pigeons, suggesting that he was planning to breed them. The same record mentions under date of 1 April 1746 that Joseph Harris had absconded, owing a year’s rent and abandonning his wife and children. He was apparently never heard from again.[60] He married before 1739,[61] Catharina Hegeman, born say 1711, living 1746, daughter of Frans Hegeman, of Flatbush, L.I., and of Dutchess County, New York, by Antjen, daughter of Hendrick Ruwaert (or Rouard).[62]
  31. Francis Harris, of Rumbout Precinct, Dutchess Co., N.Y., and of Sandy Cove, Digby Tp., Annapolis (now Digby) Co., Nova Scotia, baptized (as “Frans”) 9 May 1740 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church,[63] died in Nova Scotia in 1816, between 1 April (when he made his will) and 27 December (when it was proved). Francis Harris paid taxes in Rumbout Precinct in 1763 and 1765-73.[64] He was living at Hopewell (now called Hopewell Junction) in 1765-77, when he had children baptized there. He is referred to in a 1771 mortage as “Francis Harris, yeoman, of Rombout.” Francis Harris married (1) 1 January 1763 in the Rumbout Presbyterian Church, Dutchess Co., N.Y.,[65] Catharina Lent, born say 1743 in New York State, living 1767 but died before 17 July 1774, daughter of Isaac Lent, of Fishkill, Dutchess Co., New York, by Sara, daughter of Peter Luyster.[66] As “widower of Cathrina Lent” he married (2) 17 July 1774 in the Dutch Church of Hopewell, Engeltje (“Evangeline”) Vandewater, almost certainly a daughter of Peter Vandewater (or Van De Water), of Hopewell and Fishkill, by his wife Egtje de Lange, who were of the right age to be her parents.[67] He was living at New Hackensack, Wappinger Tp., Dutchess Co., in 1777, when his daughter Hannah was baptized there.
        R.B. Jones was correct in suggesting that Francis Harris was “probably the Loyalist of that name whose estate was confiscated in Dutchess County and who went to Digby, Nova Scotia, after the peace.”[68] That our subject was indeed this man is verified by the detailed agreement of Canadian records with the New York sources cited by Jones as to Harris’s four eldest children, and is further corroborated by the presence of his brother Peter there. His name appears in the muster roll of Loyalists taken at Digby on 29 May 1784, which gives his place of settlement as Digby.[69] Francis Harris was granted 300 acres in Digby Tp. as a Loyalist in 1784, but he subsequently escheated his land to the Crown after failing to fulfil his settlement duties, and later events make it clear that he took up residence elsewhere. Presumably the reason he allowed this forfeiture to occur is that in the meantime, in 1787, he had received a grant for 100 more acres at Sandy Cove, Digby Tp.[70] There are several scattered references to him there in the local history, which seem to state that he lived “on Valley Shore, east of the Mills,” and that his house was used as a school.[71] Following the building of old Trinity Parish Church, Digby in 1787, Francis Harris was one of the “proprietors” of the parish taxed to pay the sexton’s salary in 1789.[72] In his will, dated 1 April 1816 and proved 27 December following, Francis Harris names his sons Peter, Stephen, and Francis, his daughters Hannah, Sarah, and Catharine, and “Angalche” (i.e. Engeltje), daughter of his son Peter.[73] A letter written by his daughter Hannah (Harris) Saunders to her sister Catharine (Harris) Comfort in December 1817 (formerly in the possession of the latter’s descendant Cecelia Botting), refers to Francis Harris’ death in the previous year and to his second wife Evangeline’s death six years earlier.
  32. Catharine Harris, born 5 October 1767, baptized 4 November 1767 in the Hopewell Dutch Church, Fishkill Tp., Dutchess Co., New York, died 10 August 1846 in Lincoln Co., Upper Canada (now Ontario). She married by New York licence dated 13 July 1782,[74] John Comfort, Jr., of Digby Tp., Annapolis (now Digby) Co., Nova Scotia, of Montgomery Tp., Orange Co., New York, and finally of Clinton Tp., Lincoln Co., U.C., born say 1759, probably in Montgomery Tp., died Jan. 1830 in Lincoln Co., U.C., son of John Comfort (Sr.), of Hanover Precinct (now Montgomery Tp.), Ulster (now Orange) Co., N.Y., farmer, by his wife Anna Maul. He served in the Revolution in the Ulster Co. Militia, 4th Regiment, with his brothers Benjamin and Samuel, but he was doubtless a Loyalist sympathiser, as he and his wife accompanied her father to Digby, Nova Scotia, at the end of the Revolutionary War, and he is listed in a Muster Roll taken at Digby in May 1784.[75] John Comfort and his wife returned to the United States by 1790, when he appears in the census of Montgomery Tp., Orange Co., New York, as John Comfort, Jr., and he and his wife Catherine sold land in Montgomery in 1798. His father’s 1794 will bequeaths “unto my son John and to his heirs and assigns forever all that estate on which he now liveth, with … appurtenances, known and distinguished by lot no. 11.” Finally, leaving behind their two eldest daughters, who were by then married, he and his wife returned to Canada about 1802, going to Clinton Tp., Lincoln Co., U.C., where they founded a large family.[76]
  33. Francis Comfort, of Beamsville, Clinton Tp., Lincoln Co., Upper Canada (now Ontario), born 28 August 1800 at Montgomery, Orange Co., N.Y., baptized 1 January 1801 in the Goodwill Presbyterian Church, Montgomery,[77] died (testate) on 18 or 19 June 1880 near Beamsville, and buried in the Clinton Presbyterian churchyard. Brought by his parents to Upper Canada as a child, Francis Comfort was an elder of the Clinton Presbyterian Church in 1819. In 1836 he purchased from his brother John, for £200, a farm on lot 19 in the 7th concession of Clinton Tp., and built a house on it after one his father had built was lost to fire. During the Mackenzie Rebellion of 1838, he served with the 4th Lincoln Regiment. He is listed in the 1842, 1852, and 1871 censuses of Clinton Tp. Some time in the 1840s he lost a hand in a threshing-machine accident, and thereafter turned to clerical work, becoming an assessor, tax collector, and census enumerator. The census returns of 1852 for Clinton Tp. testify to his chirographic skill. In a letter written to his son Andrew in 1849 he mentions a visit to his “uncle Daniel Comfort” near Newburgh, N.Y., which the Bottings acknowledge as “one of the main pieces of evidence that he was the grandson of John [Comfort], Sr.”[78] The Bottings note that “all his children were well educated; all the sons had advanced education, one or two attending Western Reserve and one Johns Hopkins; three of the daughters were teachers.” Francis Comfort married 20 February 1822, Jemima Wilcox, born 27 December 1801 in Grimsby Tp., Lincoln Co., died 5 November 1876 near Beamsville, and buried in the Clinton Presbyterian churchyard, daughter of Daniel Wilcox (V), of St. Anns, Gainsborough Tp., Lincoln Co., by his wife Mary (“Polly”), daughter of Daniel McIntyre, of Grimsby Tp., Lincoln Co.[79] They had ten children.
  34. Margaret Comfort, born 11 December 1833, baptized 18 May 1834 in Clinton Presbyterian Church, died 2 January 916, and buried in St. Anns Cemetery. She married 23 October 1856, John Kennedy (IV), of St. Anns, Gainsborough Tp., Lincoln Co., U.C., farmer, born 29 February 1832, died 11 October 1897, and buried at St. Anns, son of John Kennedy (III), of St. Anns, by his wife Barbara Dean.[80]
  35. John Kennedy (V), of Melita, Manitoba, Canada, born 13 April 1862 at St. Anns, Gainsborough Tp., Lincoln Co., Ontario, died 13 July 1939 at Winnipeg, and buried there in Elmwood Cemetery. He married 2 January 1916 at Westminster Church, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Susanna Samantha Helena Young, born 26 March 1882, died 12 October 1937 at Winnipeg, and buried there in Elmwood Cemetery, daughter of Joseph Young, of Williamsburg Tp., Dundas Co., Ontario, by his wife Jane McMillan, daughter of David McMillan, also of Williamsburg Tp.
  36. Jean Margaret Kennedy, born 13 June 1917 at Melita, Manitoba, Canada, died January 2000 at Winnipeg. She married 15 August 1937, Richard (“Dick”) Harry Mitchelson, Jr., of Winnipeg, born 31 December 1914, died 13 February 1998 at Winnipeg, son of Richard Harry Mitchelson, of Winnipeg and Vancouver, by his wife Kathleen McBride. Richard Mitchelson became an engineman with the Canadian National Railway (CNR) by 1946, retiring in 1983 or 1984. He served nearly six years in the Navy during World War II. Richard and Margaret Mitchelson were living at 228 Balmoral Street, Winnipeg, in 1946-47, and at 426 Robertson from 1948 to 1972. About the end of 1972 they moved to 22 Greenwood Avenue, where they lived until their deaths. They have five children, all still living.

General Sources

  • Generations 1-8: Karl Ferdinand Werner, “Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen bis um das Jahr 1000 (1.-8. Generation),” in Karl der Große: Lebenswerk und Nachleben, 5 vols. (Düsseldorf, 1967), 4:403-82, and folded chart at end.
  • Generations 1-10: Europäische Staamtafeln, 2nd ed. (1965), 2:109 (generations 1-6), 2:9 (generations 7-10).
  • Generations 1-13: The Henry Project [a ten-generation ahnentafel for Henry II of England], ed. Stewart Baldwin and Todd Farmerie, available online at http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/henry.htm.
  • Generations 1-16: George Andrews Moriarty, The Plantagenet Ancestry, M.S. at NEHGS, pp. 16 (Carolingians), 18 (Ivrea and Friuli), 14-15 (Flanders), 13 (England), 2 (Plantagenets)
  • Generations 1-18: Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne’s Descendants, 1:271 (generations 1-8), 2:10-11 (generations 1-9).
  • Generations 1-21: AR7, lines 146 (generations 1-7), 162 (generations 7-10), 121 (generations 10-11), 1 (generations 11-16), 6 (generations 16-17), 15 (generations 17-20), 20 (generations 19-21).
  • Generations 8-18: W.H. Turton, The Plantagenet Ancestry (London, 1928), tables 171 (generations 1-2), 42 (generation 2-6), 19 (generations 6-8), 6 (generations 8-13), 4 (generations 13-16).
  • Generations 9-16: Don Charles Stone, Some ancient and Medieval Descents of Edward I of England (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2000), charts 9 (generation 9), 11 (generations 10-16).
  • Generations 12-29: David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Sevententh-Century Colonists, 2nd ed. (Boston: NEHGS, 1999), pp. 277-83, 33-34, 144-6, 236-7.
  • Generations 16-21: Frederick Lewis Weis, “A New England Colonist [i.e. Elizabeth Coytemore] descended from Edward I,” NEHGR 108 (1954): 172-74.
  • Generations 16-28: Gary Boyd Roberts, The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants (Baltimore, 1993), 255, citing the researches of Robert Behra, among other sources.
  • Generations 16-20: Charles M. Hansen, “The descent of James1 Claypoole of Philadelphia from Edward I,” TAG 67 (1992): 97-107, at pp. 98-100.
  • Generations 23-25: The Visitation of Cheshire in the year 1580 (Harleian Society, vol. XVIII, London, 1882), 191.
  • Generations 23-26: The Visitation of the county Palatine of Lancaster made in the year 1567 (Chetham Society, vol. 81, 1870); V.C.H. Lancs. 3:180.
  • Generations 27-28: Howard Mendenhall Buck, “Parentage of Oliver Manwaring,” NEHGR 79 (1925): 111-12; Donald Lines Jacobus, “Notes on Connecticut Families, XI — Manwaring Family of Lyme,” TAG 41 (1965): 225-27; AR7, line 217.
  • Generations 28-29: Francis Manwaring Caulkins, History of New London, Connecticut (New London, 1852), 367; Lillian Lounsberry (Miner) Selleck, One branch of the Miner family, with extensive nots on the Wood, Lounsberry, Rogers, and fifty other allied families of Connecticut and Long Island (New Haven, Connecticut, 1928), 124-6 (where the will of Oliver Manwaring is printed in full); Edith Bartless Sumner, Ancestry of Edward Wales Blakes and Clarissa Matilda Glidden, with ninety allied families (Los Angeles: privately published, 1948), 166.
  • Generations 29-31: Gale Ion Harris, “The supposed children of Thomas Harris of Dutchess County, New York: Reevaluation and Revisions,” NYGBR 133 (2002): 10-15; Gale Ion Harris, “Walter and Mary (Fry) Harris of New London, Connecticut,” NEHGR 156 (2002), 145-58, 262-79, 357-72, 392 (correction).
  • Generations 30-32: Roderick Bissell Jones, “The Harris Family of Block Island and Dutchess County, N.Y.,” NYGBR 84 (1953): 134-48, 216-32, at pp. 143-6. His account of the earlier portion of the Harris lineage was however overturned by the work of Gale Ion Harris, cited above.
  • Generations 32-36: Cecelia C. Botting & Roland B. Botting, Comfort Families of America (1971), 328-31, 344, 347, 349, superseding the appendix on the Comfort family in Roland & Cecelia Botting, A History of the Kennedy Family [1st ed.] (1957), pp. 17-22, where the Comfort and Harris families are confused.
  • Generations 34-36: Cecelia and Roland Botting, Descendants of John Kennedy of Sussex County, New Jersey [3rd ed.] (n.p., 1989), pp. 14-15, 21-22; interviews with the late Mrs. Margaret (Kennedy) Mitchelson, and personal knowledge (she was my natural mother’s mother); obituaries.


1All of Margaret Kennedy’s royal descents known in 2003 derive from Edward I through Margaret Torbock, grandmother of Oliver Mainwaring of Connecticut, who was descended from him three times; for the triple Plantagenet-Torbock descent see Gary Boyd Roberts, Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants (Baltimore, 1993), 255-56, where its discovery is credited to Robert Behra, of Newport, Rhode Island. Since then, a descent of Oliver Mainwaring from Edward III has been discovered, which we hope at some point to present in its own page.
2For plausible versions of it see Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne’s Descendants, 3:6-7; David L. Greene, “The Royal ancestry of the Ipswich (Massachusetts) and Long Island Lawrence families,” The Genealogist 10 (1989): 3-30, at pp. 3-4; the one given in Turton, The Plantagenet Ancestry (London, 1928), tables 6 & 80, is inconsistent and impossible. Our decision to ignore this descent was based on its absence from Stone’s Some Ancient and Medieval Descents (2002) and concerns with the chronology raised by Christopher Nash in a postings to soc.gen.medieval dated 7 and 7 June 1998.<http://newsarch.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/1998-06/0897254039, http://newsarch.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/1998-06/0897334922>. The question is whether the mother of Ermengarde d’Anjou, wife of Conan I, Count of Rennes, and daughter of Geoffroi (“Grisegonelle”), Count of Anjou, was really Adela de Vermandois. However, in light of Stewart Baldwin, at Adèle de Troyes (part of the Henry Project), first published in 2007, we now think the part of the lineage previously considered problematic is probably correct.
3H.M. West Winter, “On Intermarriage among the descendants of Charlemagne,” NEGHS NEXUS, vol. 6, nos. 3-4 (June-August 1989), 107.
4Per the Henry project. Greene, in TG 10:23, n. 4, citing Karl Ferdinand Werner, “Das Geburtsdatum Karl des Grossen,” Francia 1 (1973): 115-57, argues for the date 2 April 747. Older works give the year as 742.
5AR7, line 182.
6L’Art de Vérifier les Dates (hereafter AVD), quarto edition, 2(1):159-62, 3(1):22; ES 2:109.
7AVD 2(1): 2-3; ES 2:109; AR7, line 191.
8The date of 899 given in AR7, line 146, is clearly wrong, as their daughter Gisela had issue before 915.
9AVD 2(2):93; 2(1): 3; ES 2:109.
10Werner (her mother was of Carolingian descent). Any possibility that this second wife could have been the mother of Adalbert’s son Berengar, below, is dispelled by a consideration of her parents’ ages, which lead to the conclusion that she could not have reached child-bearing age before 913. Even the widest estimates of Berengar’s birthdate would not allow for him to have been born so late as that.
11AVD 2(2):98-99.
12AR7, line 162.
13Stewart Baldwin, “The Parentage of Otgivan ‘of Luxemburg,’ an unsolved tenth- and eleventh-century problem,” The American Genealogist 83 (2008): 116-21. Most accounts (such as AR7, line 143) make her a daughter of Friedrich I, Count of Luxemburg, by his wife Ermentrude, daughter of Heribert, Count of Gleiburg. Baldwin however points out (p. 117) that “medieval sources are unanimous in making Otgiva the daughter of a count Giselbert.” However, he acknowledges (p. 120) that Giselbert “is not known to have had a wife,” and that “Flandria Generosa [written about 1164] identifies Otgiva as a sister of five men who are known to be sons of Frederick.&rduqo;
14ES 2:9; AR7, line 128. Stone, Some Ancient and Medieval Descents, Charts 31 and 30, shows a possible Carolingian descent for Robert II of France.
15Gerald Paget, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, 2 vols. (Edinburgh & London, 1977), 1:54, gives a five-generation ancestor table for her.
16AR7, line 1. Paget, 1:56, gives a five-generation ancestor table for her.
17For his ancestry see AR7, line 118; See Paget, 1:139-41.
18AR7, line 110. G.E. Cokayne & G.W. Watson, Seize Quartiers of the Kings and Queens of England (Exeter, 1896, reprinted from The Genealogist, new series), Table I, gives a five-generation ancestor table for him. Paget, 1:60, 61, gives five-generation ancestor tables for him and his wife.
19AR7, lines 117, 153. G.E. Cokayne & G.W. Watson, Seize Quartiers of the Kings and Queens of England, Table IX, and Paget, 1:65, each give a five-generation ancestor table for her.
20AR7, line 111. G.E. Cokayne & G.W. Watson, Seize Quartiers of the Kings and Queens of England, Table XI, and Paget, 1:67, each give a five-generation ancestor table for her.
21AR7, line 110. Some of her ancestry is treated in Szabolcs de Vajay, “From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X: The first two centuries of the Burgundian dynasty in Castile and Leon…,” Studies in Genealogy and Family History in tribute to Charles Evans on his eightieth birthday (Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy Occasional Publications, no. 2), 366-417, at pp. 389-90, etc. For the year of her birth Sajay cites John Carmi Parsons, “The Year of Eleanor of Castile’s birth and her children by Edward I,” Mediaeval Studies 46 (1984): 245-6. G.E. Cokayne & G.W. Watson, Seize Quartiers of the Kings and Queens of England, Table XIII, and Paget, 1:69, each give a five-generation ancestor table for her.
22CP VI:467-70 (s.v. Hereford); AR7, line 97; Boyer, Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, 33-36. There is a chart pedigree of the earlier Bohun ancestry in CP IV, Appendix H, p. 669.
23CP IX:664-67 (s.v. Northampton).
24Consequently, her ancestry is traced in W.H. Turton, The Plantagenet Ancestry, table 72. See also CP I:371-74 (Badlesmere), especially p. 373, n. c; AR7, line 65.
25CP I:244-45, 253 (s.v. Arundel). For his ancestry see Turton, The Plantagenet Ancestry, table 97; AR7, lines 20, 60. His descent from Henry III is shown in David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, 2nd ed. (Boston, 1999), 143-45.
26Paget, 1:79, 78, 84, 87, 88.
27As pointed out by Roberts, p. xx, they were each great-great-grandchildren of Edward I, and also of his brother, Edmund “Crouchback,” Earl of Lancaster.
28CP IX:601-04 (s.v. Norfolk); Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, 248.
29A well-sourced discussion of his ancestry was given by Ronny Bodine in a posting to soc.gen.medieval dated 18 August 1999 <http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/1999-08/0934946689>.
30Paget, 2: 401, 406, 418, 419, 447, 450.
31William A. Shaw, The Knights of England, 2 vols. (London, 1906), 1:119.
32Faris, 143-46, shows her descent from Henry III through the FitzAlan and Goushill families.
33Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, 377. Barry Coward, The Stanleys, Lords Stanley and Earls of Derby, 1385-1672 (Manchester, 1983), p. 9, is incorrect in calling Joan her father’s “only daughter and heiress.”
34Shaw, Knights of England, 1:13; V.C.H. Lancs. 3:159; John S. Roskell, The Knights of the Shire for the County Palatine of Lancaster, 1377-1460 (Chetham Society new series, v. 96, 1937), 162-72; CP XII(1): 250-51 (s.v. Stanley); Coward, The Stanleys, Lords Stanley and Earls of Derby, 1385-1672, 6-9; AR7, line 57.
35Paget, 2:406, 418, 419, 447, 467.
36CP IV:205-7 (s.v. Derby).
37The Visitation of Cheshire in the year 1580 (Harleian Society, vol. XVIII, London, 1882), 213.
38Information from Douglas Richardson, which will be incorporated in the 3rd ed. of Plantagenet Ancestry.
39George Ormerod, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, 2nd ed., revised by Thomas Helsby, 3 vols. (London, 1882), 2:209-10; V.C.H. Lancs. 3:180.
40V.C.H. Lancs. 3:180.
41The line from him down to his great-granddaughter Margaret (no. 26 below) is given in The Visitation of the county Palatine of Lancaster made in the year 1567 (Chetham Society, vol. 81, 1870), 91. The line from him to his grandson William (no. 25 below) is also given in The Visitation of Cheshire in the year 1580 (Harleian Society, vol. XVIII, London, 1882), 191, which however erroneously states that the grandson died s.p. (instead of s.p.m.).
42The Visitation of the county Palatine of Lancaster made in the year 1567 (Chetham Society, vol. 81), 92. Her father is mentioned in V.C.H. Lancs. 3:37, but the name of his wife is not given.
43His daughter Margaret, who was not named in his will, was aged only 2 months at his i.p.m., the precise date of which is not given.
44At his i.p.m., his daughter Frances was found to be aged 30 months.
45Her parents are discussed in V.C.H. Lancs. 4:144.
46Roberts, p. 255, makes this clear.
47AR7, lines 233A, 57; David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, 2nd ed., pp. 212-13, 152-53, which traces a descent from Edward I.
48Faris, pp. 212-13.
49This will, which was printed in A Collection of Lancashire and Cheshire Wills… (Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society, v. 30, 1896), p. 78, is mentioned in V.C.H. Lancs. 4:144 n. 34, and quoted in Brian S. Roberts, Historical facts and references relating to Storeton or the Stanley family of Storeton, available online at http://www.fintco.demon.co.uk/stanley/facts.htm.
50She was not mentioned in her father’s will, dated 14 May 1558, and was aged only 2 months when he died shortly after; see V.C.H. Lancs. 3:180.
51The latest possible birthdate for their son Oliver.
52Albert H. Buck, The Bucks of Wethersfield, Connecticut, and the families with which they are connected by marriage (Roanoke, Virginia, 1909), pp. 112-16 (a section contributed by Dr. Howard M. Buck); NEHGR 79 (1925): 111-12.
53The Visitation of the County of Devon in the year 1620 (Harleian society, vol. 6), p. 14 (identifies Loveday’s brother, Richard); Vivian’s Visitations of Cornwall (1887), p. 336 (lists “Lowdy, uxor Henry Ashe of Sowton in Devon,” correctly noting that Loveday is mentioned in her brother Richard’ will, P.C.C. Alchin 144, modern reference P.R.O. PROB 11/235); AR7, line 217; Todd A. Farmerie, “Disproof of a novel descent of Oliver1 Mainwaring of New London, Connecticut, from King Edward III of England: Henry Holland, Duke of Exeter, and Robert Holland, ‘Bastard of Exeter”,” TAG 76 (2001): 46-49, rejecting the earlier part of the line given in AR.
54Francis Manwaring Caulkins, History of New London, Connecticut (New London, 1852), 292 (where however she is confused with her sister Elizabeth); Samuel Raymond, Genealogies of the Raymond families of New England, 1630 to 1886, p. 4; Lillian Lounsberry (Miner) Selleck, One branch of the Miner family (New Haven, Connecticut, 1928), 150; Edith Bartlett Sumner, Ancestry of Edward Wales Blake and Clarissa Matilda Glidden, with ninety allied families (Los Angeles: privately published, 1948), 207 (which refutes Caulkins’ statement that her sister Elizabeth was the wife of Oliver Mainwaring); Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, 3 vols. (Boston, Mass.: Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), 3:1563-5, at p. 1564.
55Charles Harris, Walter Harris and some of his descendants (Cleveland, Ohio, 1922), 10 (where however he is mentioned only as his parents’ child); Lillian Lounsberry (Miner) Selleck, One branch of the Miner family, with extensive notes on the Wood, Lounsberry, Rogers, and fifty other allied families of Connecticut and Long Island (New Haven, Connecticut, 1928), 111.
56Frank J. Doherty, The Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, New York, vol. 6 (2001), treats this Harris family, but we have not yet seen the relevant pages of his work.
57Roderick Bissell Jones, in NYGBR 84:139 n., citing Waterbury Deeds, v. 3, p. 441, in a passage in which he was unaware he was referring to the present man.
58Year Book of the Dutchess County Historical Society 25:47.
59Collections of the Dutchess County Historical Society 7:21.
60Account book of a country store keeper in the 18th century at Poughkeepsie (Poughkeepsie, 1911), pp. 92, 93.
61Their eldest known child, Peter, was bapt. 26 May 1739 in the Poughkeepsie Dutch Church as a son of “Josiah” Herris and Catrina Heegeman.
62Frank J. Doherty, The Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, New York, vol. 6 (2001), 340-74, at p. 343.
63Records of the First Reformed Church of Poughkeepsie, transcript at Adriance Memorial Library, Poughkeepsie [FHL 940,278, item 4], p. 75.
64Eighteenth Century Records of the portion of Dutchess County, New York, that was included in Rombout Precinct and the original Town of Fishkill…, collected by William Willis Reese, and edited by Helen Wilkinson Reynolds (Collections of the Dutchess County Historical Society, vol. VI, 1938), p. 27.
65NYGBR 69 (1938):291.
66Her parents are mentioned in James Riker, Jr., The Annals of Newtown (New York, 1852), 317, but the names of their children are not given. That she was one of these is indicated by the appearance of “Isaac Lent and his wife Sarah Luister” as baptismal sponsors to her son Peter, baptized 27 October 1765 in the Hopewell Dutch Church, and by the fact that Isaac Lent, shortly before his death, co-signed a £600 bond for Francis Harris; see Eighteenth Century Records of the portion of Dutchess County, New York…, collected by William Willis Reese, and edited by Helen Wilkinson Reynolds (Collections of the Dutchess County Historical Society, vol. VI, 1938), mortgages, no. 100. Since the original appearance of this page, we find our conclusions corroborated by the Lent entry in Frank J. Doherty, The Settlers of the Beekman Patent, Dutchess County, New York, vol. 8 (2005), 39-50, at pp. 40-41.
67She was almost certainly not this Peter’s sister, as claimed in Wilson V. Ledley’s 1958 Vandewater manuscript at the Holland Society of New York. This manuscript, and the chronological implausibility of Ledley’s claim, were kindly brought to our attention by Ross W. McCurdy. Peter’s sister (almost certainly), Engletje Vandewater, married 29 June 1750 in the Fishkill Dutch Church, Jonas Schoonhoven, from Esopus (now Kingston). Ledley, without citing any evidence, claims that she afterward became the wife of Francis Harris. But had she been so, she would surely have been called a widow in their marriage record, which she is not (yet he is called a widower, leaving no reason to think the record was careless in this respect). Furthermore, it is almost impossible that a woman first married in 1750 would still be bearing children so late as 1788.
68R.B. Jones, in New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 84 (1953):145.
69W.A. Calnek & A.W. Savary, History of the County of Annapolis, 2 vols. (Toronto, 1897), 2:117-27.
70Marion Gilroy, Loyalists and Land Settlement in Nova Scotia (Halifax, 1937), pp. 33, 14.
71There are references to men named Francis Harris in Wilson’s Digby, pp. 60, 62, 64, 93; but they are not particularly lucid and it is not clear whether they all pertain to the same person.
72Wilson’s Digby, pp. 385-7.
73Information from the late Cecelia Botting in a letter of 13 February 1991; we have not personally seen the original.
74New York marriages previous to 1784, p. 171.
75W.A. Calnek & A.W. Savary, History of the County of Annapolis, 2:117-27, at p. 119.
76R. Janet Powell, Annals of the Forty: Loyalist and Pioneer Families of West Lincoln, 1783-1833, 1st ed., 10 vols. (Grimsby, Ontario, 1952-59), 4 (1953):25-7, 9 (1958):90; and 2nd ed. (1965-68), 4 (1965):29-32; Arthur H. Radasch, Comfort Families of Orange County, New York (Upper Montclair, N.J., 1962; typescript at the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Washington, D.C. [FHL 858,851, item 8]), p. 11.
77Early Settlers of New York State, vol. 3, no. 5 (Nov. 1936), p. 6; reprinted in Jane Wethy Foley (ed.), Early Settlers of New York State: Their Ancestors and Descendants, 9 vols. in 2 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993), 1:401.
78The Bottings printed this letter in Copper State Bulletin (Arizona State Genealogical Society), vol. 9, no. 3 (19—), pp. 75-6.
79Cecelia and Roland Botting, Wilcoxes and McIntyres of Lincoln County [Ontario] ([Tucson, Arizona:] the authors, [197_]), p. 13.
80Cecelia and Roland Botting, Descendants of John Kennedy of Sussex County, New Jersey [3rd ed.] (n.p., 1989), pp. 14-15, 21-22.

From the Genealogy Page of John Blythe Dobson
URL = johnblythedobson.org/genealogy/royal/0001.cfm
This page first appeared 1O October 2003
Last revised 22 August 2009