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Fouleshurst


1 Robert de Fouleshurst = Elizabeth de Praers
2 Thomas de Fouleshurst = Joan FitzPiers
3 Thomas de Fouleshurst = Cecily Mainwaring
4 Robert Fouleshurst = Joan Vernon
5 Cecily Fouleshurst = Thomas Gerard
6 Peter Gerard = Margaret Stanley
7 Thomas Gerard = Margaret Trafford
8 Sir Thomas Gerard (Jr.) = Jane Legh
9 Katherine Gerard = William Torbock
10 Margaret Torbock = Oliver Mainwaring (I)
11 Oliver Mainwaring (II) = Prudence Esse
12 Oliver Mainwaring (III) = Hannah Raymond


This family is treated in Ormerod’s Chester, 3:302, which should be consulted for earlier generations. This account is however corrected by a recent scholarly account of the Bromley family, in which the Fouleshurst are mentioned as follows:

Henry II, 5th Earl of Warwick (1192-1229), acquired the Warwick fee of Wich Malbanc (Natwich) through his second marriage to Philippa, the Basset heiress. On Countess Philippa’s death without issue her share of the barony reverted to the Earl of Chester and remained merged in the earldom until 1278, when it was eventually passed to Sir Randle Praers and later the Fouleshurst family…. The Fouleshurst family, who held Barthomley through the Praers inheritance, acquired the manor of Glenfield (adjacent to Groby), Leicestershire, following the marriage of Sir Thomas Fouleshurst (d. 1403), the son of the previously mentioned Sir Robert Fouleshurst (d. 1389), to Joan the daughter of Baldwin Fitzpiers. Thereafter they retained an interest in the manor until the death of Sir Thomas’s son, another Thomas, in 1439. Worthy of note is the fact that the Fouleshursts were distantly related by marriage to the Hasilrigge family, which is evidenced by the will of John Turville of Thurlaston. The supervisor of the will was Robert Fouleshurst (abt. 1419-98), a relative of his [the testator’s] mother’s, and one of the witnesses was his wife’s nephew, Thomas Hasilrigge.”[1]

We have also benefitted from a number of postings to soc.gen.medieval touching on this family, which cite a number of works we have not personally seen.

1.  Robert de Fouleshurst, died 1389. He was apparently the one of this name who had a commission, dated 28 June 1355, “to go with the king to the war in parts beyond the sea.”[2] He married Elizabeth de Praers, daughter of Thomas de Praers, lord of Bertumlegh, Crue, and Landecan, a son of Richard de Praers by Johanna, co-heiress of Thomas de Crewe.

2.  Thomas de Fouleshurst, Knt., of Crew, co. Chester, lord of Bertumlegh, Crew, and Landecan, born 1365-67 (aged 23 in 13 Ric. II, i.e. 1389-90), died in 1403-04 (5 Hen. IV), inquisition post mortem in 1404-05 (6 Hen. IV). Ormerod’s statement that Thomas married a daughter of Hugh Venables must be discarded. “Thomas Fouleshurst, esquire, of Crewe in Cheshire, arrived in Leicestershire through his marriage to Joan, daughter and heir of Baldwin Fitzpiers of Glenfield.”[3] He married Joan FitzPiers, born 12 March 1369/70, daughter of Baldwin FitzPiers, of Glenfield, whose date of birth is given in her father’s inquisition post mortem.[4] This Baldwin held a parcel of land called Baudewine Stokking in 1374.[5]

3.  Thomas de Fouleshurst, of Crew, born 1395-97 (he came of age in 5 Hen. V, i.e. 1417-18) at Glenfield, co. Leicester, died on “the vigil of the birth of John Baptist last” [24 June], apparently in 1438 since Ormerod says he died in 16 Hen. VI [1437-38].[6] His inquisition post mortem names his wife Cecily and heir Robert. He married (as her first husband) by 1418, Cecily Mainwaring, daughter of Randall Mainwaring, of Over Peover, co. Chester, by Margery, daughter of Hugh Venables, Baron Kinderton (see Mainwaring). She married (2) John Curson. We have not attempted to develop an account of Thomas from primary sources, as the work appears to have been already done by Eric Acheson, who writes:

Thomas Fouleshurst … was returned as a knight of the shire for Leicestershire in 1423 and again in 1431 (Return, pp. 306, 319). In 1431 he was also appointed to the commission to raise a loan in the county (CPR 1429-36, p. 126). His last recorded appointment was as sheriff in 1433 (Lists and Indexes, IX, p. 145). Thomas failed to appear before the tax commissioners in Leicestershire in 1436, though he may have been taxed in Chester for which a tax return does not survive (E179/240/269; Gray, Incomes from Land in England in 1436, p. 622, ns. 1, 2).[7]

4.  Robert Fouleshurst, of Crew, born 17 October 1418, died 3 December 1498. He was married by a contract made in infancy, in 10 Henry V (i.e. March-August 1422),[8] to Joan Vernon, born 3 July 1417, daughter and coheiress of Sir Richard Vernon, of Shipbrook, in the parish of Davenham, co. Chester, by Eleanor, daughter of Sir Hugh Holes. She was evidently alive in 1467, when as “Dña Johanna de Foulishirst” she is mentioned in company with her sister “Dña Alianora Vernon, Dña de Brereton.”[9] Ormerod states that Robert “Fulshurst” (whom he mistakenly calls Richard) “contested [the descent of] Shipbrook with James Vernon.[10] Robert Fouleshurst and Joan Vernon were ancestors of H.M. Elizabeth, the late Queen Mother, in at least three different lines.[11]

5.  Cecily Fouleshurst, born say 1440, died 24 May 1502. She took a vow of chastity after the death of her husband. She married by 1460, Thomas Gerard, Knt., of Kingsley, in the parish of Frodsham, co. Chester, and of Bryn, co. Lancaster, born 15 July 1431, died 27 March 1490.


Notes

1Ian Bromley, Bromley: A Midlands Family History, 192.
2H.J. Hewitt, The Black Prince’s Expedition of 1355-1357 (Manchester, 1958), 192-93, where the statement in Elias Ashmole, The Institution, Laws, and Ceremonies of the most Noble Order of the Garter (London, 1672), p. 705, that Fouleshurst was one of four esquires attendant upon the Black Prince.
3Eric Acheson, A Gentry Community: Leicestershire in the fifteenth century, c.1422–c.1485 (Cambridge University Press, 2003), p. 231, citing Farnham, Leicestershire Medieval Village Notes, II, p. 315. We however agree with various posters to soc.gen.medieval, including Brice Clagett and John Higgins, that Acheson has confused this Thomas de Fouleshurst with his son.
4 John Higgins, “Fouleshurst,” posting to soc.gen.medieval dated 29 January 2007 <http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2007-01/1170136472>.
5J. Curtis, Topographical History of the County of Leicester (London, 1831), p. 64, citing Nichol’s Leicestershire, 4:609.
6Brice Clagett, “Another Daughter for John Ferrers I of Tamworth and Maud Stanley,” posting to soc.gen.medieval dated 17 January 2007 <http://newsarch.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2007-01/1169078828>.
7Eric Acheson, A Gentry Community (2003), p. 231.
8The Visitation of Cheshire in the year 1580 (Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 18), 233.
9Gervase Holles, Memorials of the Holles Family, 1493-1656, ed. A.C. Wood (Camden Society, 3rd series, vol. LV, 1937), p. 9.
10Ormerod’s Chester, 3:253.
11Paget, 2:418 [bis], 419, and possibly 467.

The content of this page first appeared as part of an ancestor table, under the now-defunct URL http://johnblythedobson.org/genealogy/AT/view_AT.cfm?ID=29, on 21 August 2002
This page was last revised 27 May 2009