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The Ancestry of Oliver Mainwaring: Kendall

1John Kendall (I) = Alice ____
2John Kendall (II) = ________
3Stephen Kendall = Christine ____
4 Richard Kendall = Jane Penpons
5 John Kendall = Jane Holland
6 Walter Kendall = Jane Rous
7 Lawrence Kendall = Katherine Munday
8 Mary Kendall = Richard Moyle
9 Loveday Moyle = Henry Esse
10 Prudence Esse = Oliver Mainwaring (II)
11 Oliver Mainwaring (III) = Hannah Raymond

Apart for the 1620 Visitation of Cornwall,[1] published sources on this family appear to be slight. Vivian’s Visitations of Cornwall (1887) contains a pedigree of this family in pp. 258-62, which carries the line speculatively through four generations prior to the Richard Kendall with whom we begin our account. Useful commentary on this work is supplied by Todd A. Farmerie, “Disproof of a novel descent of Oliver1 Mainwaring…,” TAG 76 (2001): 46-49, who mentions (pp. 46-47) an ancestor table for Loveday Moyle in Polsue’s Complete Parochial History of Cornwall (in our copy of this work the chart is bound after p. 352). It should be noted that Vivian’s reconstruction is contradicted by a Chancery document in the P.R.O. online catalogue, naming John Kendall (no. 5 below) as “John, son of Richard, son of Stephen, son of John, son of John [Kendall],” a descent borne out by entries in the History of Parliament cited below.[2]
    There are a number of references to members of the Kendall family in the Cornwall Record Office’s inventory of Tywardreath Priory Archive, Arundell, available on the Access to Archives website.[3] Also available on the Access to Archives website is an inventory of the papers of the Kendall Family of Pelyn, but the materials are too modern to be relevant to the ancestry of our Mary Kendall.
    Todd Farmerie has made helpful suggestions for improving this page, drawing our attention to relevant sketches in the History of Parliament which we had previously overlooked.

1.  John Kendall (I), of Restormel and Trenode in Morval, Cornwall, died ca. 1372). He married Alice ____. According to the entry for his son in the History of Parliament, cited below, John Kendall “was promised the offices of constable and parker of Restormel castle by John of Eltham shortly before his death in 1336, and, the promise having been honoured by the earl’s royal brother, Edward III, he enjoyed the post for life (in effect nearly 40 years). More important, by appointment of the Black Prince the elder John Kendale also served as receiver of the duchy of Cornwall, holding the office from about 1349 until when, finding himself unable to perform his duties efficiently, he asked to be replaced by his kinsman, Richard Kendale of Treworgey.”

2.  John Kendall (II), of Lostwithiel, Mayor thereof (Michaelmass 1376-77, 1381-84, 1385-86), M.P. for Lostwithiel (Jan. 1397, September 1397), died before before March 1403.[4] He married ________.

3.  Stephen Kendall, M.P. for Lostwithiel in 1417, Mayor of Lostwithiel (Michaelmass 1418-19, 1427-28, 1429-30, 1436-38), Tax collector for Cornwall (March 1442), alive in 1450.[5] According to the History of Parliament, “Stephen inherited property in Lostwithiel, Penkneth in Lanlivery and Bridgend in St. Winnow from his father, as well as a reversionary interest in a more substantial estate near Looe which had belonged to his kinsman John, son of Richard Kendale of Treworgey…. Stephen lived at Lostwithiel, but under a licence issued by Bishop Lacy of Exeter in 1431, he and his wife and children were permitted to worship privately wherever they stayed in the diocese.” He married Christine ____.

4.  Richard Kendall, of Treworgy, in the parish of Dulo, Cornwall, M.P., mentioned with his wife Jane in feet of fines, 1457-58 [35 Hen. VI]. His ancestry is uncertain. He married Jane Penpons, daughter of Richard Penpons, who according to Vivian is mentioned with her husband in 1457-58.[6] Penpons is a rare but well-attested Cornish surname derived from Penpons or Penpont, now spelled Penponds, historically in the parish of Camborne (but set off therefrom in 1846).

5.  John Kendall, of Pelynt, in Lanlivery, Cornwall; mentioned as “Kendal of Pelyn” in a reference to his father-in-law.[7] He married (as her first husband) Jane Holland, daughter, and (in her issue, at least) sole heiress of Sir Robert Holland, by the latter’s wife Margaret ____. She married (2) Sir John Trelawny, Knt.

6.  Walter Kendall, of Pelynt, Cornwall, died 13 or 14 July 1547, inquisition post mortem in 1547-48 [1 Edw. VI].[8] The date of 14 July 1547 is given by Vivian, apparently on the basis of the i.p.m. However, a monument to him at Lanlivery reads: “Corpus Gualteri Kendall, quo decimo tercio die Julii, anno infra scripto moribo periit sub hoc saxo premitur. 1547.” The Tywardreath Priory Archive contains many documents of the 1520s and 1530s mentioning “Walter Kendall,” or “Walter Kendale,” some of which describe him as a “gentleman” and some as “esquire.”[9] In particular, one of date 20 September 1532 (24 Hen. VIII) mentions “Laurence Kendale, son of Walter Kendale,” while another of 8 February 1535 (26 Hen. VIII) mentions “Walter Kendale, esquire, and Laurence Kendale his son.” He is called “Walter Kendall, reeve” in a document of 1539-40 (31-32 Hen. VIII). Vivian’s statement that he is “named in the inq. taken on the death of his grandson Walter Kendall” would appear to be a mistake for Nicholas (whose inquisition post mortem Vivian shows as having been taken in 1592-93 [35 Eliz. I]). He is said by Vivian to have married Jane Rous, daughter of John Rous, of Medbury [i.e. Modbury], but no such Jane is mentioned in Vivian’s Rous pedigree, pp. 193-95.[10] In any case, he was married by 1511, as his elder son Nicholas was aged 36 at Walter’s death.

7.  Lawrence Kendall, second son, lord of the manor of Withiel, near Bodmin, Cornwall, born after 1511 (he was under 36 in 1547), living 1555 but died by 1580, when he is called defunctus in a release of property by his son Nicholas.[11] He married shortly after 20 September 1537, Katherine Munday, daughter of John Munday by his wife Joane ____.[12] Their impending marriage is mentioned in a document dated 20 September 1537, which (as summarized by a nineteenth-century historian) states: “The prior and convent by deed indented, under the conventual seal, dated 20th September anno regni Regis 29 Hen. VIII. granted the whole manor of Withiel and the advowson of the church, together with the common fishing throughout the whole water of Aleyn and Eyle, with all the appurtenances, to Lawrence Kendall and Katheryn Monday, which the same Lawrence should marry, their heirs and assigns, for the term of 99 years.”[13]

8.  Mary Kendall, buried 5 December 1573 at St. Austell.[14] She married Richard Moyle, of Trevissick, in the parish of St. Austell, Cornwall, buried 17 August 1589 at St. Austell, son of Richard Moyle (the elder), possibly of the same place, by his wife Anne, daughter of William Harry Watts. See MOYLE for the continuation of the line.


1Visitation of the County of Cornwall in the year 1620, ed. J.L. Vivian (Harleian Society, vol. 9, 1874), pp. 109-12.
2P.R.O. online catalogue, C 1/77/84.
3Arundell, Tywardreath Priory Archive, available online at http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=021-art&cid=-1#-1. This source was pointed out by Douglas Richardson in a posting to soc.gen.medieval dated 24 November 2004 .
4“John Kendale,” in History of Parliament, 1386-1421, available online at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/kendale-john-1402.
5“Stephen Kendale,” in History of Parliament, 1386-1421, available online at http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/kendale-stephen.
6Conceivably her father may have been the Richard Penpons who will be treated in the forthcoming work The House of Commons, 1422-1504. In the meantime see of Richard Penpons (ca. 1405-1466) of Treswithian, Cornwall [MS Word document], available online at http://www.girders.net/Pe/Penpons,%20Richard,%20(ca.1405-1466).doc.
7Todd Farmerie, posting to soc.gen.medieval dated 14 June 2009 <http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/gen-medieval/2009-06/1244984841.
8According to a an editorial note in Visitation of the County of Cornwall in the year 1620, ed. Vivian, 109. This note reads: “Inq. p. married Walter Kendall of Pellyn 1 Ed. VI. No. 6. Nicholas, son and heir, æt. 36 et amp.; Lawrence Kendall, father of said Walter.” As pointed out to me by Todd Farmerie, the reference to “Lawrence Kendall, father of said Walter” is surely incorrect if “Walter” refers to the decedent and no text has been omitted by mistake.
9Polsue, Complete Parochial History of Cornwall, 3:22.
10Vivian, Visitations of Cornwall, pp. 412-13. There is also pedigree of Rous of Modbury in The visitations of the county of Sussex made and taken in the years 1530 … and 1633-4 (Harleian Society, 53, 1905), p. 63, again without mention of this Jane, and it is in serious diagreement with that given in Vivian.
11A.L. Rowse, Tudor Cornwall, Portrait of a Society, “new edition,” (London, 1969), pp. 180, 210-11; Farmerie.
12Edwin John Rawle, Record of the Rawle Family (1898), 152.
13Douglas Richardson, posting to soc.gen.medieval dated 24 November 2004 <http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2004-11/1101292618>, citing Sir John Maclean, The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor, 1 (1876): 136, 269, citing roll 5, no. 81.
14See the account of her husband’s family in Vivian’s Visitations of Cornwall (1887), p. 336.

The content of this page first appeared as part of an ancestor table, under the now-defunct URL http://johnblythedobson.org/genealogy/AT/view_AT.cfm?ID=29, on 21 August 2002
This page was last revised 5 September 2011