The Ancestry of Oliver Mainwaring: Kendall
1John Kendall (I) = Alice ____
Apart for the 1620 Visitation of Cornwall, published sources on this family appear to be slight. Vivian’s Visitations of Cornwall (1887) contains a pedigree of this family in pp. 258-62, which carries the line speculatively through four generations prior to the Richard Kendall with whom we begin our account. Useful commentary on this work is supplied by Todd A. Farmerie, “Disproof of a novel descent of Oliver1 Mainwaring…,” TAG 76 (2001): 46-49, who mentions (pp. 46-47) an ancestor table for Loveday Moyle in Polsue’s Complete Parochial History of Cornwall (in our copy of this work the chart is bound after p. 352). It should be noted that Vivian’s reconstruction is contradicted by a Chancery document in the P.R.O. online catalogue, naming John Kendall (no. 5 below) as “John, son of Richard, son of Stephen, son of John, son of John [Kendall],” a descent borne out by entries in the History of Parliament cited below.
1. John Kendall (I), of Restormel and Trenode in Morval, Cornwall, died ca. 1372). He married Alice ____. According to the entry for his son in the History of Parliament, cited below, John Kendall “was promised the offices of constable and parker of Restormel castle by John of Eltham shortly before his death in 1336, and, the promise having been honoured by the earl’s royal brother, Edward III, he enjoyed the post for life (in effect nearly 40 years). More important, by appointment of the Black Prince the elder John Kendale also served as receiver of the duchy of Cornwall, holding the office from about 1349 until when, finding himself unable to perform his duties efficiently, he asked to be replaced by his kinsman, Richard Kendale of Treworgey.”
3. Stephen Kendall, M.P. for Lostwithiel in 1417, Mayor of Lostwithiel (Michaelmass 1418-19, 1427-28, 1429-30, 1436-38), Tax collector for Cornwall (March 1442), alive in 1450. According to the History of Parliament, “Stephen inherited property in Lostwithiel, Penkneth in Lanlivery and Bridgend in St. Winnow from his father, as well as a reversionary interest in a more substantial estate near Looe which had belonged to his kinsman John, son of Richard Kendale of Treworgey…. Stephen lived at Lostwithiel, but under a licence issued by Bishop Lacy of Exeter in 1431, he and his wife and children were permitted to worship privately wherever they stayed in the diocese.” He married Christine ____.
4. Richard Kendall, of Treworgy, in the parish of Dulo, Cornwall, M.P., mentioned with his wife Jane in feet of fines, 1457-58 [35 Hen. VI]. His ancestry is uncertain. He married Jane Penpons, daughter of Richard Penpons, who according to Vivian is mentioned with her husband in 1457-58. Penpons is a rare but well-attested Cornish surname derived from Penpons or Penpont, now spelled Penponds, historically in the parish of Camborne (but set off therefrom in 1846).
5. John Kendall, of Pelynt, in Lanlivery, Cornwall; mentioned as “Kendal of Pelyn” in a reference to his father-in-law. He married (as her first husband) Jane Holland, daughter, and (in her issue, at least) sole heiress of Sir Robert Holland, by the latter’s wife Margaret ____. She married (2) Sir John Trelawny, Knt.
6. Walter Kendall, of Pelynt, Cornwall, died 13 or 14 July 1547, inquisition post mortem in 1547-48 [1 Edw. VI]. The date of 14 July 1547 is given by Vivian, apparently on the basis of the i.p.m. However, a monument to him at Lanlivery reads: “Corpus Gualteri Kendall, quo decimo tercio die Julii, anno infra scripto moribo periit sub hoc saxo premitur. 1547.” The Tywardreath Priory Archive contains many documents of the 1520s and 1530s mentioning “Walter Kendall,” or “Walter Kendale,” some of which describe him as a “gentleman” and some as “esquire.” In particular, one of date 20 September 1532 (24 Hen. VIII) mentions “Laurence Kendale, son of Walter Kendale,” while another of 8 February 1535 (26 Hen. VIII) mentions “Walter Kendale, esquire, and Laurence Kendale his son.” He is called “Walter Kendall, reeve” in a document of 1539-40 (31-32 Hen. VIII). Vivian’s statement that he is “named in the inq. taken on the death of his grandson Walter Kendall” would appear to be a mistake for Nicholas (whose inquisition post mortem Vivian shows as having been taken in 1592-93 [35 Eliz. I]). He is said by Vivian to have married Jane Rous, daughter of John Rous, of Medbury [i.e. Modbury], but no such Jane is mentioned in Vivian’s Rous pedigree, pp. 193-95. In any case, he was married by 1511, as his elder son Nicholas was aged 36 at Walter’s death.
7. Lawrence Kendall, second son, lord of the manor of Withiel, near Bodmin, Cornwall, born after 1511 (he was under 36 in 1547), living 1555 but died by 1580, when he is called defunctus in a release of property by his son Nicholas. He married shortly after 20 September 1537, Katherine Munday, daughter of John Munday by his wife Joane
8. Mary Kendall, buried 5 December 1573 at St. Austell. She married Richard Moyle, of Trevissick, in the parish of St. Austell, Cornwall, buried 17 August 1589 at St. Austell, son of Richard Moyle (the elder), possibly of the same place, by his wife Anne, daughter of William Harry Watts. See MOYLE for the continuation of the line.
The content of this page first appeared as part of an ancestor table, under the now-defunct URL http://johnblythedobson.org/genealogy/AT/view_AT.cfm?ID=29, on 21 August 2002